Synthesis and electrochemical properties of CeVO4/Fe3O4 as a novel anode material for lithium-ion batteries

Abstract

The CeVO4/Fe3O4 compound is successfully obtained by combining hydrothermal treatment and water bath process. The final product has been characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. The electrochemical properties of the expected compound were tested by a battery test system. The obtained CeVO4/Fe3O4 composite shows higher specific capacity and better cyclability than pure CeVO4 prepared under the same conditions. The initial discharge specific capacities of CeVO4 and CeVO4/Fe3O4 are 671.7 and 964.0 mAh·g−1, respectively. After 100 cycles, CeVO4 and CeVO4/Fe3O4 still maintained their discharge capacities at 416.4 and 875.9 mAh·g−1, representing capacity retention rates of 62.0% and 91.0%, respectively. The possible reaction mechanism for the CeVO4/Fe3O4 composite is also discussed. The CeVO4/Fe3O4 composite may be a prospective anode material for the lithium-ion battery.

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Funding

Financial support was provided by the Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China (111 project, B12015).

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Correspondence to Chuanqi Feng.

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Yang, X., Wu, H., Wang, S. et al. Synthesis and electrochemical properties of CeVO4/Fe3O4 as a novel anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Ionics (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-020-03595-5

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Keywords

  • Inorganic compounds
  • Anode material
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Electrochemical properties
  • Chemical synthesis