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Ionics

, Volume 23, Issue 11, pp 3057–3066 | Cite as

P2-type Na0.67Ni0.33−x Cu x Mn0.67O2 as new high-voltage cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries

  • Sen Chen
  • Enshan Han
  • Han Xu
  • Lingzhi Zhu
  • Bin Liu
  • Guangquan Zhang
  • Min Lu
Original Paper

Abstract

P2-Na0.67Ni0.33−x Cu x Mn0.67O2 (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08) cathode materials have been synthesized via acetate decomposition method. The elementary composition and crystal structure of the powders are studied in detail using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). XRD results demonstrate that Cu2+ ions have been incorporated into the crystal structure successfully and the P2-type structure remains unchanged after substitution. According to XPS data, Cu substitution does not change the valence states of Ni and Mn, whose predominant oxidation states in Na-Ni-Mn-O structure remains +2 and +4. The introduction of Cu2+ can effectively suppress P2-O2 phase transformation when charging to 4.5 V, and significantly improve rate performance and cyclic stability compared to the undoped material. The P2-Na0.67Ni0.27Cu0.06Mn0.67O2 sample can deliver an initial discharge capacity of 211.6 mAh g−1 at 10 mAh g−1 between 1.5 and 4.5 V, and a capacity retention of 93.9% after 10 cycles. Moreover, it can also deliver a discharge capacity of 115.2 mAh g−1 at 100 mAh g−1. In addition, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) reveals that P2-Na0.67Ni0.27Cu0.06Mn0.67O2 cathode exhibits a higher electronic conductivity and faster sodium ion diffusion velocity than that of undoped sample. These results show that P2-Na0.67Ni0.27Cu0.06Mn0.67O2 is a promising high-voltage cathode material for sodium-ion batteries.

Keywords

Sodium-ion batteries Cathode material Copper-doping Electrochemical performance 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyHebei University of TechnologyTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.National Key Lab of Power Sources, Tianjin Institute of Power SourcesTianjinChina

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