, Volume 23, Issue 11, pp 2969–2980 | Cite as

Facile synthesis of spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode materials using M2(OH)2(C8H4O4)-class metal-organic frameworks

Original Paper


Various synthesis methods have been developed to synthesize mixed metal oxide cathode materials, whereas the scale-up production is hindered by issues of complicated processes, high cost, and inhomogeneity of the prepared materials. Herein, a facile, low-cost, and scalable synthesis route using M2(OH)2(C8H4O4)-class metal-organic frameworks (PTA-based MOFs) as precursors has been explored to synthesize LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 materials with homogeneity and high crystallinity. Bimetallic PTA-based MOFs were first prepared by the reaction of metal acetates and PTA in the aqueous solution at room temperature. After thermal treatment of PTA-based MOFs, bimetal oxides (Ni-Mn-O) with the inherited morphology of porous nanoplates consisting of 20–30-nm nanoparticles were obtained. The LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 materials prepared by calcination of Ni-Mn-O with lithium salts exhibit excellent rate capability and cycling performance, delivering a specific capacity of 115.9 mAh g−1 at 20 C and retaining 83.8% after 500 cycles. This work opens a new way for fabrication of PTA-based MOFs and mixed metal oxides as cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries.


Cathode materials LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Metal-organic frameworks PTA 



This work was supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2013AA050901).

Supplementary material

11581_2017_2102_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.4 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1475 kb)


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Rechargeable Battery LaboratoryDalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesDalianChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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