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Ionics

, Volume 23, Issue 11, pp 3227–3233 | Cite as

Existence of electrochromic reversibility at the 1000th cyclic voltammetry for spin coating WO3 film

  • D. R. Sahu
  • Cheng-Yen Hung
  • Sheng-Chang Wang
  • Jow-Lay Huang
Original Paper

Abstract

The precursor solutions prepared using sol-gel method are used for the synthesis of WO3 films by spin coating method. The onset of the crystalline phase of WO3 occurs at 400 °C and it becomes completely crystalline at 500 °C. However, the amorphous film shows an excellent transmittance modulation effect on the visible light than that of crystalline film. The film shows electrochemical reversibility up to 1000th cycle voltammetry and excellent electrochromic behavior. The electrochromic properties of WO3 film deteriorate after annealing of the crystalline film but their chemical stability is better than the amorphous films. The crystalline film decays very slowly after electrochemical cycles. The electrochromic activity of the studied film indicates that the film has the potential to be used for smart window applications.

Keywords

Electrochromism Sol-gel method Tungsten oxide Cyclic voltammetry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful for the financial grant received from the National Science Council, Taiwan under contract no. NSC 96-2218-E-006-006.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Natural and Applied SciencesNamibia University of Science and TechnologyWindhoekNamibia
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSouthern Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTainanTaiwan
  4. 4.Center for Micro/Nano Science and TechnologyNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  5. 5.Research Center for Energy Technology and StrategyNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

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