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Contemporary Islam

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 193–210 | Cite as

Understanding Islamic aid flows to enhance global humanitarian assistance

  • David Tittensor
  • Matthew Clarke
  • Tezcan Gümüş
Article

Abstract

In 2008 the then Organisation of the Islamic Conference established its own Islamic Cooperation Humanitarian Affairs Department (ICHAD) as an alternative to the OECD DAC. Subsequently, aid from ICHAD predominantly goes to Muslims. This is most likely because zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and regarded as ibadah (worship), from which non-Muslims are excluded. As such, this paper will examine the theology and ethics of giving in Islam (zakat and sadaqa) and explore these aid flows and, and whether there is room for a more inclusive interpretation that can lead to greater integration and co-operation.

Keywords

Islam Aid Humanitarianism Ethics Zakat Sadaqa 

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts & EducationDeakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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