Designing an Agent-Based Model Using Group Model Building: Application to Food Insecurity Patterns in a U.S. Midwestern Metropolitan City
- 53 Downloads
Recent advances in computing resources have increased interest in systems modeling and population health. While group model building (GMB) has been effectively applied in developing system dynamics models (SD), few studies have used GMB for developing an agent-based model (ABM). This article explores the use of a GMB approach to develop an ABM focused on food insecurity. In our GMB workshops, we modified a set of the standard GMB scripts to develop and validate an ABM in collaboration with local experts and stakeholders. Based on this experience, we learned that GMB is a useful collaborative modeling platform for modelers and community experts to address local population health issues. We also provide suggestions for increasing the use of the GMB approach to develop rigorous, useful, and validated ABMs.
KeywordsAgent-based modeling Group model building Food insecurity Systems science System dynamics
This study was supported by an internal seed grant, Initiative for The Ohio State University’s Food and AgriCultural Transformation (InFact) 2015-2016 Linkage and Leverage Grant, to Ayaz Hyder.
- 1.El-Sayed, A. M., & Galea, S., eds. Systems science and population health. 2017. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492397.001.0001.
- 8.Zhang J, Tong L, Lamberson PJ, Durazo-arvizu RA, Luke A, Shoham DA. Leveraging social influence to address overweight and obesity using agent-based models: the role of adolescent social networks. Soc Sci Med. 2015;125:203–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.05.049.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 9.Gilbert N Agent-based models (No. 153). 2008. Sage.Google Scholar
- 13.Hovmand PS. Community based system dynamics. Springer, New York; 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8763-0
- 14.Andersen DF, Richardson GP, Vennix JA. Group model building: adding more science to the craft. Syst Dyn Rev. 1997;13(2):187–201. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1727(199722)13:2<187::AID-SDR124>3.0.CO;2-O.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 15.Vennix JAM. Group model building: facilitating team learning using system dynamics. 1996, Chichester, UK: John Wiley.Google Scholar
- 17.Hovmand PS, Rouwette EAJA, Andersen DF, Richardson GP, Kraus A Scriptapedia 4.0.6. 2013.Google Scholar
- 19.Bousquet F, Trébuil G (2005). Introduction to companion modeling and multi-agent systems for integrated natural resource management in Asia. In: Bousquet F, Trébuil G, Hardy B, editors. Companion modeling and multi-agent systems for integrated natural resource management in Asia. 2005: 1–20.Google Scholar
- 24.Rose J, Homa L, Hovmand P, Kraus A, Burgess K, Biswas A, Stange KC Boundary objects for participatory group model building of agent-based models. 2015; 2950–2959. 2015 I.E. 48th Hawaii International Conference.Google Scholar
- 26.AnyLogic. Vers. 7. Computer software 2016. The AnyLogic Company, Chicago, ILGoogle Scholar
- 27.Hammond RA. Considerations and best practices in agent-based modeling to inform policy. In: Wallace R, Geller A, Ogawa VA, editors. Assessing the use of agent-based models for tobacco regulation. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2015. Appendix A. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK305917/. Accessed 20 Nov 2017
- 29.Åberg AC, Halvorsen K, From I, Bruhn ÅB, Oestreicher L, Melander-Wikman A. A study protocol for applying user participation and co-learning—lessons learned from the eBalance project. Ory MG, Smith ML, eds. Int. J. Environ. Res. Publ. Health. 2017;14(5):512.Google Scholar