Leukocyte segmentation in peripheral blood images using a novel edge strength cue-based location detection method

Abstract

The classification of leukocytes in peripheral blood images is an important milestone to be achieved because it can greatly assist pathologists to diagnose diseases such as leukemia, anemia, and other blood disorders. To a certain extent, a good segmentation method for identifying leukocytes from their background is the first step to the efficient functioning of the leukocytes classification system. However, the morphological structure of leukocytes, poor contrast, and the variations in their shape and size lead to the degradation of the segmentation accuracy. In this paper, we propose a new leukocyte segmentation framework that first locates and then segments leukocytes from peripheral blood images. Here, the locations of the leukocytes are first identified using a novel edge strength cue (ESc), and later, the Grabcut model is deployed to obtain the segmentation of the leukocytes. The novelty lies in the way the location of the leukocytes is detected, and this improves the leukocyte segmentation accuracy. The experimental evaluation is performed on ALL-IDB1, Cellavision, and LISC datasets for leukocyte segmentation based on the detection of the ESc location. Experimental results are evaluated using precision, recall, and F-score measures. The proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art techniques. Additionally, the computation time of the proposed method is analyzed and presented in the study.

Leukocytes Location Detection and Segmentation

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Notes

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    The n th percentile is the smallest number that is greater than n% of the numbers in a given set.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Anna University Chennai granting Anna Centenary Research Fellowship (ACRF) CFR/ACRF/2017/16.

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Correspondence to K. Sudha.

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Sudha, K., Geetha, P. Leukocyte segmentation in peripheral blood images using a novel edge strength cue-based location detection method. Med Biol Eng Comput (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11517-020-02204-x

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Keywords

  • Leukocytes
  • Peripheral blood images
  • Image cues
  • Location windows
  • Grabcut method