Gender-Based Measurement Invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents

  • Yu Ling
  • Yushu He
  • E. Scott Huebner
  • Yifang Zeng
  • Yanling Li
  • Na Zhao


The aim of this study was to evaluate the measurement invariance of the Chinese version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (ERQ-CA; Gullone and Taffe (Psychological Assessment, 24(2), 409–417, 2011)) across gender. A total of 1388 Chinese adolescents (48.1% males), ranging in age from 11 to 16 years (M = 12.9, SD = 1.09) were recruited from four Chinese middle schools and completed the ERQ-CA. The Cronbach’s α values, omega coefficients, and item-total correlations for the two subscales of the ERQ-CA indicated adequate internal consistency reliability. The results of confirmatory factor analysis and multi-group confirmatory factor analysis revealed that all configural, metric, scalar, and partial strict invariance models provided acceptable fit to the data. The result of latent means analysis demonstrated statistically non-significant differences between boys and girls. In conclusion, these findings suggest that the ERQ-CA displays appropriate measurement invariance across gender for Chinese youth of ages 11 to 16.


ERQ-CA Measurement invariance Gender difference Children and adolescent 



The research reported in this article was supported by MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Youth Project of Humanities and Social Sciences (Grant No.15YJC190012), Hunan Provincial Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 16YBA199), and General Project of Hunan Provincial Social Science Achievement Review Committee (Grant No. XSPYBZZO27), and the General Project of 2016 Hunan Provincial Teaching Reform “The Empirical Study on College Students’ Scientific Literacy Cultivation under SRTP Model—Application of Major of Applied Psychology” was awarded to Dr. Yu Ling.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Ling
    • 1
  • Yushu He
    • 1
  • E. Scott Huebner
    • 2
  • Yifang Zeng
    • 1
  • Yanling Li
    • 3
  • Na Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of EducationHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.College of Public Administration and LawHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina

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