Modulation of Physiological Responses as Indices of Attentional Bias in Dysphoria

  • Carlos Gantiva
  • Andrés Araujo
  • Narayana Aragão
  • Nohelia Hewitt
Original Article


The experimental results on attentional bias in depression have been contradictory. Research on physiological correlates that validate attentional bias have been scarce. The aim of the present study was to evaluate physiological responses associated with attentional bias in dysphoria. Heart rate and the galvanic skin response were recorded in 30 dysphoric individuals and 30 nondysphoric individuals while they performed an emotional Stroop task. Dysphoric individuals exhibited attentional bias and heart rate deceleration in response to unpleasant words. Nondysphoric individuals exhibited attentional bias toward pleasant words, accompanied by a higher skin conductance response. These results suggest that heart rate deceleration in response to unpleasant words correlated with attentional bias in dysphoric individuals.


Attentional bias Dysphoria Heart rate Skin conductance response Stroop 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Funding for this study was provided by the University of San Buenaventura (Ref. PSI 011-015).University of San Buenaventura, had no role in the study design, collection, analysis or interpretation of the data, writing the manuscript, or the decision to submit the paper for publication.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of San BuenaventuraBogotáColombia

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