Flat nanophotonic devices hold a great potential to process diffractive optical information within ultra-thin submicron thickness. In particular, optical filtering of transmissive angular spectrum in the free space is an essential functionality in diffractive optics. Here, we propose a novel configuration and theoretical study of an ultrathin transmissive angular filtering metamaterial for the first time to the best of our knowledge. Based on the adiabatically tapered plasmonic waveguide metamaterial in the visible regime, full color angle-selective transmission is achieved near the optic axis including the representative blue (473 nm), green (532 nm), and red (633 nm) colors. By providing further analysis on bandwidth extension, we envision that the proposed flat angular filtering mechanism in the visible range promises practical value and potential for a variety of metamaterial-assisted compact diffractive imaging and sensing applications such as augmented or virtual reality displays and biomedical optical sensors.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Yu N, Capasso F (2014) Flat optics with designer metasurfaces. Nat Mater 13:139–150
Khorasaninejad M, Chen WT, Devlin RC, Oh J, Zhu AY, Capasso F (2016) Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging. Science 352:1190–1194
Arbabi A, Horie Y, Bagheri M, Faraon A (2015) Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission. Nat Nanotech 10:937–943
Yu N, Genevet P, Kats MA, Aieta F, Tetienne JP, Capasso F, Gaburro Z (2011) Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction. Science 334:333–337
Jang C, Lee CK, Jeong J, Li G, Lee S, Yeom J, Hong K, Lee B (2016) Recent progress in see-through three-dimensional displays using holographic optical elements. Appl Opt 55:A71–A85
Shen Y, Ye D, Celanovic I, Johnson SG, Joannopoulos JD, Soljačić M (2014) Optical broadband angular selectivity. Science 343:1499–1501
Purlys V, Maigyte L, Gailevičius D, Peckus M, Malinauskas M, Gadonas R, Staliunas K (2014) Spatial filtering by axisymmetric photonic microstructures. Opt Lett 39:929–932
Purlys V, Maigyte L, Gailevičius D, Peckus M, Malinauskas M, Staliunas K (2013) Spatial filtering by chirped photonic crystals. Phys Rev A 87:033805
Iizuka H, Engheta N, Sugiura S (2016) Extremely small wavevector regime in a one-dimensional photonic crystal heterostructure for angular transmission filtering. Opt Lett 41:3829–3832
Alekseyev LV, Narimanov EE, Tumkur T, Li H, Barnakov YA, Noginov MA (2010) Uniaxial epsilon-near-zero metamaterial for angular filtering and polarization control. Appl Phys Lett 97:131107
Moitra P, Yang Y, Anderson Z, Kravchenko II, Briggs DP, Valentine J (2013) Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial. Nat Photonics 7:791–795
Kim H, Lee B (2009) Unidirectional surface plasmon polariton excitation on single slit with oblique backside illumination. Plasmonics 4:153–159
Wang CM, Yu CJ (2013) Free-space plasmonic filter with dual-resonance wavelength using asymmetric T-shaped metallic array. Plasmonics 8:385–390
Heer JM, Coe JV (2012) 3D-FDTD modeling of angular spread for the extraordinary transmission spectra of metal films with arrays of subwavelength holes. Plasmonics 7:71–75
Kim H, Lee B (2006) Geometric optics analysis on light transmission and reflection characteristics of metallic prism sheets. Opt Eng 45:084004
Stockman MI (2004) Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides. Phys Rev Lett 93:137404
Søndergaard T, Novikov SM, Holmgaard T, Eriksen RL, Beermann J, Han Z, Pedersen K, Bozhevolnyi SI (2012) Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves. Nat Commun 3:969
Fountaine KT, Cheng WH, Bukowsky CR, Atwater HA (2016) Near-unity unselective absorption in sparse InP nanowire arrays. ACS Photonics 3:1826–1832
Dionne JA, Sweatlock LA, Atwater HA, Polman A (2006) Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization. Phys Rev B 73:035407
Maier SA (2007) Plasmonics: fundamentals and applications. Springer, New York, New York
Park J, Kim KY, Lee IM, Na H, Lee SY, Lee B (2010) Trapping light in plasmonic waveguides. Opt Express 18:598–623
Kim SJ, Mun SE, Lee Y, Park H, Hong J, Lee B (2018) Nanofocusing of toroidal dipole for simultaneously enhanced electric and magnetic fields using plasmonic waveguide. J Light Technol 36:1882–1889
Kim SJ, Yoo S, Lee K, Kim J, Lee Y, Lee B (2017) Critical nanofocusing of magnetic dipole moment using a closed plasmonic tip. Opt Express 25:14077–14088
Palik ED (1998) Handbook of optical constants of solids. Academic press, Orlando
Malitson IH (1965) Interspecimen comparison of the refractive index of fused silica. J Opt Soc Am 55:1205–1208
Harvey JE, Pfisterer RN (2019) Understanding diffraction grating behavior: including conical diffraction and Rayleigh anomalies from transmission gratings. Opt Eng 58:087105
Vengurlekar AS (2008) Optical properties of metallo-dielectric deep trench gratings: role of surface plasmons and Wood-Rayleigh anomaly. Opt Lett 33:1669–1671
Jang MS, Atwater H (2011) Plasmonic rainbow trapping structures for light localization and spectrum splitting. Phys Rev Lett 107:207401
Chang C, Sakdinawat A (2014) Ultra-high aspect ratio high-resolution nanofabrication for hard X-ray diffractive optics. Nat Commun 5:4243
Li H, Ye T, Shi L, Xie C (2017) Fabrication of ultra-high aspect ratio (> 160: 1) silicon nanostructures by using Au metal assisted chemical etching. J Micromech Microeng 27:124002
Lee GY, Sung J, Lee B (2020) Metasurface optics for imaging applications. MRS Bulletin 45:202–209
Lee Y, Kim SJ, Park H, Lee B (2017) Metamaterials and metasurfaces for sensor applications. Sensors 17:1726
Ko WS, Tran TTD, Bhattacharya I, Ng KW, Sun H, Chang-Hasnain C (2015) Illumination angle insensitive single indium phosphide tapered nanopillar solar cell. Nano Lett 15:4961–4967
Park JH, Ambwani P, Manno M, Lindquist NC, Nagpal P, Oh SH, Leighton C, Norris DJ (2012) Single crystalline silver films for plasmonics. Adv Mater 24:3988–3992
High AA, Devlin RC, Dibos A, Polking M, Wild DS, Perczel J, Leon NP, Lukin MD, Park H (2015) Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface. Nature 522:192–196
The authors acknowledge support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (No. 2020R1A2B5B02002730) and the BK21 Plus Project in 2020.Data availability
The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Kim, SJ., Hong, J., Moon, S. et al. Full Color Angular Filtering of Visible Transmission in Tapered Plasmonic Metamaterial. Plasmonics 16, 115–121 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11468-020-01263-y
- Flat optics
- Angular selectivity
- Optical filter
- Surface plasmon polariton
- Plasmonic waveguide