Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 116–131 | Cite as

Mesoscale fabrication of a complex surface for integral impeller blades

  • Xibin Wang
  • Tianfeng Zhou
  • Lijing Xie
  • Li Jiao
  • Zhibing Liu
  • Zhiqiang Liang
  • Pei Yan
Review Article


Integral impeller is the most important component of a mini-engine. However, the machining of a mesoscale impeller with a complex integral surface is difficult because of its compact size and high accuracy requirement. A mesoscale component is usually manufactured by milling. However, a conventional milling tool cannot meet the machining requirements because of its size and stiffness. For the fabrication of a complex integral impeller, a micro-ball-end mill is designed in accordance with the non-instantaneous-pole envelope principle and manufactured by grinding based on the profile model of the helical groove and the mathematical model of the cutting edge curve. Subsequently, fractal theory is applied to characterize the surface quality of the integral impeller. The fractal theory-based characterization shows that the completed mesoscale integral impeller exhibits a favorable performance in terms of mechanical properties and morphological accuracy.


mesoscale fabrication micro-milling tool mesoscale milling impeller blade 


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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51575049, 51575050, 51575051, and 51375055).


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xibin Wang
    • 1
  • Tianfeng Zhou
    • 1
  • Lijing Xie
    • 1
  • Li Jiao
    • 1
  • Zhibing Liu
    • 1
  • Zhiqiang Liang
    • 1
  • Pei Yan
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for Advanced MachiningBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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