Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 363–373 | Cite as

Review on electromagnetic welding of dissimilar materials

  • K. Shanthala
  • T. N. Sreenivasa
Review Article


Electromagnetic welding (EMW) is a highspeed joining technique that is used to join similar or dissimilar metals, as well as metals to non-metals. This technique uses electromagnetic force to mainly join conductive materials. Unlike conventional joining processes, the weld interface does not melt, thus keeping the material properties intact. Extremely high velocity and strain rate involved in the process facilitate extending the EMW technique for joining several materials. In this paper, the research and progress in electromagnetic welding are reviewed from various perspectives to provide a basis for further research.


electromagnetic welding impact dissimilar materials 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Chen S, Jiang X. Microstructure evolution during magnetic pulse welding of dissimilar aluminium and magnesium alloys. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 2015, 19: 14–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schäfer R, Pasquale P. The electromagnetic pulse technology (EMPT): Forming, welding, crimping and cutting. Biuletyn Instytutu Spawalnictwa, 2014, 58(2): 50–57Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kore S D, Date P P, Kulkarni S V. Effect of process parameters on electromagnetic impact welding of aluminum sheets. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2007, 34(8): 1327–1341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Faes K. Electronic pulsetube welding. 2011. https://www.researchgate. net/publication/230757399_Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aizawa T, Kashani M. Experimental and numerical study on magnetic pulse welding to improving the life time of one-turn flat coil. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2014, 61(1): 012028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Raoelison R N, Racine D, Zhang Z, et al. Magnetic pulse welding: Interface of Al/Cu joint and investigation of intermetallic formation effect on the weld features. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 2014, 16(4): 427–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Raoelison R N, Buiron N, Rachik M, et al. Efficient welding conditions in magnetic pulse welding process. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 2012, 14(3): 372–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Aizawa T, Okagawa K, Kashani M. Application of magnetic pulse welding technique for flexible printed circuit boards (FPCB) lap joints. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2013, 213(7): 1095–1102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Watanabe M, Kumai S, Hagimoto G, et al. Interfacial microstructure of aluminum/metallic glass lap joints fabricated by magnetic pulse welding. Materials Transactions, 2009, 50(6): 1279–1285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shribman V. Magnetic pulse welding for dissimilar and similar material. In: Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on High Speed Forming. Dortmund, 2008, 13–22Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kore S D, Dhanesh P, Kulkarni S V, et al. Numerical modeling of electromagnetic welding. International Journal for Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 2010, 32(1): 1–19Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xu Z, Cui J, Yu H, et al. Research on the impact velocity of magnetic impulse welding of pipe fitting. Materials & Design, 2013, 49: 736–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang Y, Babu S S, Prothe C, et al. Application of high velocity impact welding at varied different length scales. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2011, 211(5): 944–952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kore S D, Date P P, Kulkarni S V. Electromagnetic impact welding of aluminum to stainless steel sheets. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2008, 208(1–3): 486–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kore S D, Imbert J, Worswick M J, et al. Electromagnetic impact welding of Mg to Al sheets. Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 2009, 14(6): 549–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Faes K, Baaten T, De Waele W, et al. Joining of copper to brass using magnetic pulse welding. In: Proceedings of 4th International Conference on High Speed Forming. Columbus, 2010, 84–96Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Watanabe M, Kumai S. Interfacial morphology of magnetic pulse welded aluminum/aluminum and copper/copper lap joints. Journal of Japan Institute of Light Metals, 2009, 59(2): 140–147 (in Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Psyk V, Risch D, Kinsey B L, et al. Electromagnetic forming—A review. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2011, 211(5): 787–829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu H, Xu Z, Fan Z, et al. Mechanical property and microstructure of aluminum alloy-steel tubes joint by magnetic pulse welding. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2013, 561: 259–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lee K J, Kumai S, Arai T, et al. Interfacial microstructure and strength of steel/aluminum alloy lap joint fabricated by magnetic pressure seam welding. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2007, 471(1–2): 95–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Marya M, Marya S, Priem D. On the characteristics of electromagnetic welds between aluminum and other metals and alloys. Welding in the World, 2005, 49 (5): 74–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Göbel G, Kaspar J, Herrmannsdörfer T, et al. Insights into intermetallic phases on pulse welded dissimilar metal joints. In: Proceedings of 4th International Conference on High Speed Forming. Columbus, 2010, 121–136Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kumar S, Kulkarni M R, Saroj P C, et al. Metallurgical and mechanical testing of electromagnetically welded copper and iron sample. In: Proceedings of 13th Asia-Pacific Conference on NDT. Bombay, 2013Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ben-Artzy A, Stern A, Frage N, et al. Wave formation mechanism in magnetic pulse welding. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2010, 37(4): 397–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nassiri A, Chini G, Kinsey B. Spatial stability analysis of emergent wavy interfacial patterns in magnetic pulsed welding. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 2014, 63: 245–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cui J, Sun G, Li G, et al. Specific wave interface and its formation during magnetic pulse welding. Applied Physics Letters, 2014, 105 (22): 221901-221901-4Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Uhlmann E, Prasol L, Ziefle A. Potentials of pulse magnetic forming and joining. Advanced Materials Research, 2014, 907: 349–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lorenz A, Lueg-Althoff J, Göbel G, et al. Influence of axial workpiece positioning during magnetic pulse welding of aluminumsteel joints. In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on High Speed Forming. 2014, 189–198Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Aizawa T, Kashani M, Okagawa K. Application of magnetic pulse welding for aluminum alloys and SPCC steel sheet joints. Welding Journal, 2007, 86: 119s–124sGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Broeckhove J, Len W. Experimental research on magnetic pulse welding of dissimilar metals. Dissertation for the Master’s Degree. Ghent: Ghent University, 2009–2010Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Nassiri A, Campbell C, Chini G, et al. Analytical model and experimental validation of single turn, axi-symmetric coil for electromagnetic forming and welding. Procedia Manufacturing, 2015, 1: 814–827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    PROGRESS INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS SA. Equipment and technology for magnetic pulsed processing of metals. Scholar
  33. 33.
    AUTOMOTIVE DESIGN and PRODUCTION. Welding mixed materials, multiple ways. Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gary F. Benedict, Nontraditional Manufacturing Processes. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1987, 103–123Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Marré M, Brosius A, Tekkaya A E. Joining by compression and expansion of (none-) reinforced profiles. Advanced Materials Research, 2008, 43: 57–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Rajawat R K, Desai S V, Kulkarni M R, et al. Electromagnetic forming—A technique with potential applications in accelerators. In: Proceedings of APAC 2014. Gyeongju, 2004, 187–189Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    ELMAG. EMF technology in the aerospace industry. Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kochan A. Magnetic pulse welding shows potential for automotive applications. Assembly Automation, 2000, 20(2): 129–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical DepartmentAMC Engineering CollegeBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations