The detailed particle breakage around the pile in coral sand

Abstract

Detailed particle breakage adjacent to a pile has great influence on the settlement and bearing capacity of a pile foundation. Before the pile test, coral sand was divided into different grain-size groups and dyed in different colors, then mixed as the ground soil. After pile penetration, the sand around the pile was divided into many zones and sampled. Grains in different colors in each size range of each sample were discerned quantitatively. Results show that the settlement curve dropped fast and the skin friction of pile was small due to the obvious particle breakage. In each zone, the actual particle breakage in each size range was different from the change in relative mass percentage, and the lost of angular edges is the dominant type of particle breakage under the bottom pressure of pile. The index Bag, excluding the interference effect of size overlap between fragments and unbroken grains in each size range, was slightly larger than Bg for most zones around the pile. The breakage-zone was limited to 1.5 times of the pile diameter at the radial direction and 2.5 times at the depth direction, which is much deeper than that in silica sand. Particle breakage at some distance from pile bottom is larger than that at the very bottom of the pile due to the shearing effect in the sand. Detailed particle breakage around the pile is useful in studying the interaction between the pile and crushable granular soil.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China with Grant Number 51878103 and 41831282; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities with Grant ID 2019CDJDTM0007).

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Correspondence to Hanlong Liu.

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Peng, Y., Liu, H., Li, C. et al. The detailed particle breakage around the pile in coral sand. Acta Geotech. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11440-020-01089-2

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Keywords

  • Breakage index
  • Breakage-zone
  • Detailed particle breakage
  • Fragments
  • Pile penetration