Radiocarbon calibration: The next generation

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

References

  1. Bronk Ramsey C, Heaton T J, Schlolaut G, Staff R A, Bryant C L, Brauer A, Lamb H F, Marshall M H, Nakagawa T. 2020. Reanalysis of the atmospheric radiocarbon calibration record from Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Radiocarbon, 62: 989–999

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Chen F H, Dong G H, Zhang D J, Liu X Y, Jia X, An C B, Ma M M, Xie Y W, Barton L, Ren X Y, Zhao Z J, Wu X H, Jones M K. 2015. Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P. Science, 347: 248–250

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Cheng H, Edwards R L, Southon J, Matsumoto K, Feinberg J M, Sinha A, Zhou W, Li H, Li X, Xu Y, Chen S, Tan M, Wang Q, Wang Y, Ning Y. 2018. Atmospheric 14C/12C changes during the last glacial period from Hulu Cave. Science, 362: 1293–1297

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. de Vries H L. 1958. Variation in concentration of radiocarbon with time and location on Earth. Proc Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen B, 61: 94–102

    Google Scholar 

  5. Dong G, Li R, Lu M, Zhang D, James N. 2020. Evolution of human-environmental interactions in China from the Late Paleolithic to the Bronze Age. Prog Phys Geography-Earth Environ, 44: 233–250

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Heaton T J, Blaauw M, Blackwell P G, Bronk Ramsey C, Reimer P J, Scott E M. 2020a. The IntCal20 approach to radiocarbon calibration curve construction: A new methodology using Bayesian splines and errors-invariables. Radiocarbon, 62: 821–863

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Heaton T J, Köhler P, Butzin M, Bard E, Reimer R W, Austin W E N, Bronk Ramsey C, Grootes P M, Hughen K A, Kromer B, Reimer P J, Adkins J, Burke A, Cook M S, Olsen J, Skinner L C. 2020b. Marine20—The marine radiocarbon age calibration curve (0–55000 cal BP). Radiocarbon, 62: 779–820

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Hogg A G, Heaton T J, Hua Q, Palmer J G, Turney C S, Southon J, Bayliss A, Blackwell P G, Boswijk G, Bronk Ramsey C, Pearson C, Petchey F, Reimer P, Reimer R, Wacker L. 2020. SHCal20 Southern Hemisphere calibration, 0–55000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 62: 759–778

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Libby W F, Anderson E C, Arnold J R. 1949. Age determination by radiocarbon content: World-wide assay of natural radiocarbon. Science, 109: 227–228

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Miyake F, Nagaya K, Masuda K, Nakamura T. 2012. A signature of cosmic-ray increase in AD774–775 from tree rings in Japan. Nature, 486: 240–242

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Reimer P J, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck J W, Blackwell P G, Bronk Ramsey C, Brown D M, Buck C E, Edwards R L, Friedrich M, Grootes P M, Guilderson T P, Haflidason H, Hajdas I, Hatté C, Heaton T J, Hogg A G, Hughen K A, Kaiser K F, Kromer B, Manning S W, Reimer R W, Richards D A, Scott E M, Southon J R, Turney C S M, van der Plicht J. 2013a. Selection and treatment of data for radiocarbon calibration: An update to the International Calibration (IntCal) criteria. Radiocarbon, 55: 1923–1945

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Reimer P J, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck J W, Blackwell P G, Bronk Ramsey C, Buck C E, Cheng H, Edwards R L, Friedrich M, Grootes P M, Guilderson T P, Haflidason H, Hajdas I, Hatté C, Heaton T J, Hoffmann D L, Hogg A G, Hughen K A, Kaiser K F, Kromer B, Manning S W, Niu M, Reimer R W, Richards D A, Scott E M, Southon J R, Staff R A, Turney C S M, van der Plicht J. 2013b. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55: 1869–1887

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Reimer P J, Austin W E N, Bard E, Bayliss A, Blackwell P G, Bronk Ramsey C, Butzin M, Cheng H, Edwards R L, Friedrich M, Grootes P M, Guilderson T P, Hajdas I, Heaton T J, Hogg A G, Hughen K A, Kromer B, Manning S W, Muscheler R, Palmer J G, Pearson C, van der Plicht J, Reimer R W, Richards D A, Scott E M, Southon J R, Turney C S M, Wacker L, Adolphi F, Büntgen U, Capano M, Fahrni S M, Fogtmann-Schulz A, Friedrich R, Köhler P, Kudsk S, Miyake F, Olsen J, Reinig F, Sakamoto M, Sookdeo A, Talamo S. 2020. The IntCal20 Northern Hemisphere radiocarbon age calibration curve (0–55 cal kBP). Radiocarbon, 62: 725–757

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Renfrew C, Liu B. 2018. The emergence of complex society in China: The case of Liangzhu. Antiquity, 92: 975–990

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

All figures in the present manuscript were made using the Bayesian chronological software OxCal ver.4.4 (https://c14.arch.ox.ac.uk/oxcal/OxCal.html), made freely available by Prof. Christopher Bronk Ramsey. On behalf of the global 14C user community, the authors gratefully thank Prof. Paula Reimer, the outgoing co-ordinator of the “IntCal” (International Calibration) Working Group, for her tireless work in the role over the last two decades. Dr. Ruiliang Liu acknowledges financial support from the European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant, “FLAME”, awarded to Prof. A Mark Pollard (Grant No. 670010) and from the University of Oxford John Fell Fund (Grant No. 0007844).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Richard A. Staff or Ruiliang Liu.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Staff, R.A., Liu, R. Radiocarbon calibration: The next generation. Sci. China Earth Sci. 64, 507–510 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-020-9722-x

Download citation