Multiscale analysis of Asian Monsoon over the past 640 ka
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The empirical mode decomposition (EMD) method is used to re-analyse the high-resolution and precisely-dated stalagmite record from Chinese caves over the past 640 ka. Results show that (1) the variation in the Asian Monsoon can be completely decomposed into ten quasiperiod oscillations, among which the precession and semiprecession band oscillations are the most prominent periodicities, with contribution rates of 31.1% and 30.7%, respectively; (2) the cross-spectrum analysis of the semiprecession component and bi-hemisphere insolation (BHI) are strongly correlated, indicating an amplified response of precipitation and temperature variability to the interhemispheric insolation in the low-latitude regions, thus further affecting the intensity of the Asian Monsoon; (3) on millennial timescales, obvious oscillations at the 5 ka and 1–2 ka bands roughly correspond to the classical Bond and Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) cycles. Additionally, a strong correlation is found between the detrended stalagmite δ18O records and Ca/Sr sequence from the North Atlantic (especially at the 5 ka band). This result means that the 5 ka cycle is characteristic of the glacial-interglacial cycle since the middle and late Pleistocene and may imply that climate change on the millennial timescale is the result of an interaction between global ice volume and insolation.
KeywordsEmpirical mode decomposition (EMD) Asian Monsoon Oxygen isotope records Semiprecession 5 ka cycle
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The authors are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments which significant improved the manuscript. This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41572340), and Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (Grant No. 164320H116).
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