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Science China Life Sciences

, Volume 62, Issue 8, pp 1058–1069 | Cite as

Spatio-temporal patterns of zooplankton in a main-stem dam affected tributary: a case study in the Xiangxi River of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China

  • Xinghao Li
  • Jie HuangEmail author
  • Sabine Filker
  • Thorsten Stoeck
  • Yonghong BiEmail author
  • Yuhe Yu
  • Weibo Song
Research Paper

Abstract

As the ecologically important recipient channels for riverine ecosystems, tributaries provide unique microhabitats for microorganisms, among which zooplankton constitutes the most important heterotrophic organisms. In particular, the reduced water velocity caused by dams is more favorable for zooplankton development; therefore, dammed rivers are expected to support extremely diverse and abundant zooplankton communities and notably different spatiotemporal distribution patterns. So far, however, only very few molecular studies support these assumptions. Using high-throughput sequencing, a high number of 350 operational taxonomic units (OTUs; 97% cutoff) were retrieved from 30 samples collected in the Xiangxi River, the nearest large tributary upstream of the Three Gorges Dam. Zooplankton did not show significant spatial distribution in the channel. Instead, the community structures varied significantly over sampling dates, corroborating the seasonal patterns found in lakes and ponds in the subtropical zone. As expected, the community compositions were deterministically governed by environmental filtering processes (phylogenetic clustering), in which water velocity appeared to be much less important than other investigated environmental factors. Moreover, most of the detected phylotypes (OTUs) had a relatively high (>90%) sequence similarity to previously deposited sequences, suggesting a mediocre degree of genetic novelty within the zooplankton communities in the Xiangxi River.

Keywords

zooplankton high-throughput sequencing spatiotemporal distribution genetic novelty tributary main-stem dam 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge Dianbao Li and Wenchao Nie for help with sampling and DNA extraction. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31772433, 31801984) and Biodiversity survey of aquatic organisms in Three Gorges Reservoir area and the illustrated handbook compilation (2014FY120200).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material, approximately 170 KB.

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Protozoology, Institute of Evolution and Marine BiodiversityOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.Department of Molecular EcologyUniversity of Technology KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  4. 4.Department of EcologyUniversity of Technology KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  5. 5.Laboratory for Marine Biology and BiotechnologyQingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

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