Science China Life Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 534–540 | Cite as

Mechanism of the reconstruction of aqueous outflow drainage

  • Chen Xin
  • Ning Tian
  • Meng Li
  • Huaizhou Wang
  • Ningli Wang
Review
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. The reconstruction of aqueous outflow drainage (RAOD) has recently been proposed to aid in restoring aqueous outflow drainage in primary open-angle glaucoma. However, the mechanism of RAOD remains to be fully understood. Based on literature review and research studies, the potential mechanisms of RAOD are the following: (i) Circumferential dilation of the Schlemm’s canal (SC) and surrounding collector channels. (ii) Instant formation of microcracks through RAOD procedures. (iii) Formation of more pores, and local detachment between the SC endothelium (SCE) and basement membrane. (iv) Activation of stem cells by constant mechanical stress caused by the tensional suture placed at the anterior part of the SC. (v) Reversal of trabecular meshwork (TM) herniation. (vi) Mobilization of the reserve of the aqueous drainage. (vii) Change of SCE phenotype. (viii) Mechanosensing and mechanotransducing of TM.

Keywords

reconstruction of aqueous outflow drainage canaloplasty Schlemm’s canal trabecular meshwork 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Beijing Scholar Program and Capital Clinical Characteristics Research Project (Z161100000516081).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chen Xin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ning Tian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Meng Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Huaizhou Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ningli Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key LaboratoryBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of ophthalmology, Beijing Anzhen HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

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