Forensic Toxicology

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 537–539 | Cite as

New forensic challenges and detection of snake venom

  • Kanak Lata Verma
  • Amar Pal Singh
  • Sweta Sinha
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor

Snakes belong to a group of animals described as psychoactive fauna, whose body parts or excretions contain one or more potential substances for abuse, which in an appropriate dose have the potential to alter the user’s state of consciousness; persons who intentionally employ any species of psychoactive fauna for the purpose of exploring the psyche are known as psychonauts [1]. Snake venom, a venomous secretion from the parotid gland of a snake, is a complex mixture of metals, enzymes, peptides and proteins of low molecular mass with specific chemical and biological activities. It contains several neurotoxins, cardiotoxins, cytotoxins, nerve growth factor, lectins, disintegrins, haemorrhagins and many other different enzymes [2]. Venom is highly poisonous when injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly or intravenously and on ingestion; absorption of snake venom through a cut or wound may also result in poisoning. Snakebite is a global medical problem, especially in the...


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no financial or other relations that could lead to a conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Japanese Association of Forensic Toxicology and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Forensic Science LaboratoryGovernment of NCT of DelhiChanakya PuriIndia

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