Journal of Natural Medicines

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 170–180 | Cite as

Screening of promising chemotherapeutic candidates from plants against human adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (V): coumarins and alkaloids from Boenninghausenia japonica and Ruta graveolens

  • Daisuke Nakano
  • Kenji Ishitsuka
  • Narumi Matsuda
  • Ai Kouguchi
  • Ryota Tsuchihashi
  • Masafumi Okawa
  • Hikaru Okabe
  • Kazuo Tamura
  • Junei Kinjo
Original Paper


During the course of our studies towards the identification of promising chemotherapeutic candidates from plants against two human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I-infected T-cell lines (MT-1 and MT-2), we screened 17 extracts from 9 rutaceous plants against MT-1 and MT-2 cells. The extracts from the aerial parts and roots of Boenninghausenia japonica, as well as the leaves and roots of Ruta graveolens showed potent antiproliferative effects. After activity-guided fractionation, we isolated 44 compounds from two rutaceous plants, including three new compounds (1–3), which were classified into 26 coumarin analogs (13 coumarins, 8 furanocoumarins, 4 dihydrofuranocoumarins and one dihydropyranocoumarin), 15 alkaloid analogs (7 quinolone alkaloids, 4 acridone alkaloids, 3 furanoquinoline alkaloids and one tetrahydroacridone alkaloid) and 3 flavonoid glycosides. Structure–activity relationship studies were also evaluated. The coumarin compounds (2, 3 and 7–9) bearing a 3-dimethylallyl moiety showed potent activity. Similarly, of all the furanocoumarins evaluated in the current study, compound 17 bearing a 3-dimethylallyl group also showed potent activity. A dihydrofuranocoumarin (27) bearing a 3-dimethylallyl moiety showed the most potent activity. Following 27, compound 28 showed potent activity. These results therefore suggested that the presence of a 3-dimethylallyl moiety was important to the antiproliferative activity of these coumarin analogs.


Screening Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma Boenninghausenia japonica Ruta graveolens Coumarin Alkaloid 


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daisuke Nakano
    • 1
  • Kenji Ishitsuka
    • 2
  • Narumi Matsuda
    • 1
  • Ai Kouguchi
    • 1
  • Ryota Tsuchihashi
    • 1
  • Masafumi Okawa
    • 1
  • Hikaru Okabe
    • 1
  • Kazuo Tamura
    • 3
  • Junei Kinjo
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesFukuoka UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Hematology and Immunology Center for Chronic Viral Diseases Graduate School of Medical and Dental SciencesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Hematology and Infectious DiseaseFukuoka UniversityFukuokaJapan

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