Journal of Natural Medicines

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 139–147 | Cite as

Rapid and simple determination of polyphyllin I, II, VI, and VII in different harvest times of cultivated Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz by UPLC-MS/MS and FT-IR

  • Zhe Wu
  • Ji Zhang
  • Furong Xu
  • Yuanzhong Wang
  • Jinyu Zhang
Original Paper


Paris Polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz (“Dian Chonglou” in Chinese) is a famous herbal medicine in China, which is usually well known for activities of anti-cancer, hemolysis, and cytotoxicity. In this study, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy coupled with principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) was applied to discriminate samples of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis harvested in different years and determine the content of polyphyllin I, II, VI, and VII in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. Meanwhile, ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used to study the dynamic changes of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis harvested in different years (4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12, and 13 years old). According to the UPLC-MS/MS result, the optimum harvest time of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis is 8 years, due to the highest yield of four active components. By the PCA model, P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis could be exactly discriminated, except that two 8-year-old samples were misclassified as 9-year-old samples. For the prediction of polyphyllin I, II, VI, and VII, the quantitative results are satisfactory, with a high value for the determination coefficient (R 2) and low values for the root-mean-square error of estimation (RMSEE), root-mean-square error of cross-validation (RMSECV), and root-mean-square error of prediction (RMSEP). In conclusion, FT-IR combined with chemometrics is a promising method to accurately discriminate samples of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis harvested in different years and determine the content of polyphyllin I, II, VI, and VII in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.


Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy Harvest times Discrimination Determination 



This work was sponsored by the Natural Science Foundation of the People’s Republic of China (81460584) and the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (201303117).

Supplementary material

11418_2016_1043_MOESM1_ESM.doc (32 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 32 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Medicinal PlantsYunnan Academy of Agricultural SciencesKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Yunnan Technical Center for Quality of Chinese Materia MedicaKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Traditional Chinese MedicineYunnan University of Traditional Chinese MedicineKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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