Journal of Computer Science and Technology

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 329–339 | Cite as

Enhancing Security of FPGA-Based Embedded Systems with Combinational Logic Binding

  • Ji-Liang Zhang
  • Wei-Zheng Wang
  • Xing-Wei Wang
  • Zhi-Hua Xia
Regular Paper


With the increasing use of field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) in embedded systems and many embedded applications, the failure to protect FPGA-based embedded systems from cloning attacks has brought serious losses to system developers. This paper proposes a novel combinational logic binding technique to specially protect FPGA-based embedded systems from cloning attacks and provides a pay-per-device licensing model for the FPGA market. Security analysis shows that the proposed binding scheme is robust against various types of malicious attacks. Experimental evaluations demonstrate the low overhead of the proposed technique.


cloning attack reverse engineering FPGA (field-programmable gate array) security hardware security 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ji-Liang Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei-Zheng Wang
    • 3
  • Xing-Wei Wang
    • 1
  • Zhi-Hua Xia
    • 4
  1. 1.Software CollegeNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Computer Network and Information Integration (Southeast University), Ministry of EducationNanjingChina
  3. 3.Department of Computer and Communication EngineeringChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaChina
  4. 4.School of Computer and SoftwareNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina

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