Seasonal accumulation of trace elements in native Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819) collected in the Calich Lagoon (Sardinia, Italy)

Abstract

The occurrence of 21 trace elements in native Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from the Calich Lagoon, a typical brackish area of the northwest of Sardinia (Italy), was investigated. The seasonal variation of metals in bivalves was considered, and the highest values were found in spring and summer; in particular, a high significant (P < 0.001) temporal variation was reported for silver (Ag) and mercury (Hg). The highest and similar concentrations were registered for aluminium (Al, mean 32 mg kg−1wet weight), iron (Fe, mean 32 mg kg−1 w. w.), and zinc (Zn, mean 25 mg kg−1 w. w.). The maximum limits set by European Regulations for cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) were never exceeded. Speciation analysis revealed negligible risk related to inorganic arsenic (iAs). Therefore, M. galloprovincialis confirmed its role as suitable bioindicator to monitor the contamination of coastal environments. Although the recommended tolerable weekly intake (TWI) was not exceeded, the levels of aluminium should be carefully evaluated in monitoring plans in the studied lagoon.

Graphical abstract

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Data availability

Data supporting the findings are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

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Funding

This research was funded by the Italian Health Ministry Research Grant (Project no. IZS PLV 01/15RC).

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All authors contributed to the study. Material preparation, data collection were performed by Giuseppe Esposito, Alessandro Graziano Mudadu, Sergio Ortu, and Anna Maria Bazzoni. Statistical analysis was carried out by Giuseppe Esposito. Resources were provided by Maria Cesarina Abete and Domenico Meloni. Methodology optimization and chemical analysis were performed by Sabina Pederiva, Alessandra Griglione, and Caterina Stella. The first draft of the manuscript was written by Giuseppe Esposito, and all authors commented the manuscript. Review and editing of the final manuscript was performed by Stefania Squadrone; activity planning and execution was in charge of Domenico Meloni. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Esposito, G., Mudadu, A.G., Abete, M.C. et al. Seasonal accumulation of trace elements in native Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819) collected in the Calich Lagoon (Sardinia, Italy). Environ Sci Pollut Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-12380-4

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Keywords

  • Metals
  • Food safety
  • Mediterranean lagoons
  • Bivalve