Hydrogen fuel and fuel cell technology for 61a cleaner future: 61a review

Abstract

One of the main problems facing our planetary bodies is unexpected and sudden climate change due to continuously increasing global energy demand, which currently is being met by fossil fuels. Hydrogen is considered as one of the major energy solutions of the twenty-first century, capable of meeting future energy needs. Being 61a zero-emission fuel, it could reduce environmental impacts and craft novel energy opportunities. Hydrogen through fuel cells can be used in transport and distributed heating, as well as in energy storage systems. The transition from fossil-based fuels to hydrogen requires intensive research to overcome scientific and socio-economic barriers. The purpose of this paper is to reflect the current state, related issues, and projection of hydrogen and fuel elements within the conceptual framework of 61a future sustainable energy vision. An attempt has been made to compile in this paper the past hydrogen-related technologies, present challenges, and role of hydrogen in the future.

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Data availability

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Singla, M.K., Nijhawan, P. & Oberoi, A.S. Hydrogen fuel and fuel cell technology for 61a cleaner future: 61a review. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-12231-8

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Keywords

  • Hydrogen
  • Fuel-cell applications
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Environmental impacts
  • Energy