Faced with huge environmental problems of ecosystem degradation, “Ecological Redline Policy (ERP)” in China is a new key national-level policy to manage different land use functions in accordance with development and environmental limits. As the water–land complex ecosystem with the largest freshwater lake, wetland natural reserves and ecological importance in China, Poyang Lake Region (PLR) is selected to quantify and map multiple ecosystem services, investigate the ecological function zoning as part of research on ecological zoning control and major ecological source areas to illustrate and address the implementation of this strategy based on the importance and vulnerability analysis of ecosystem services. According to ecological function zoning results, extremely important, highly important, medium important and important zones respectively account for 26.1%, 28.1%, 17.4% and 28.4% of the total area. With an area of 5422.2 km2, the extremely important zone is 1010.6 km2 larger than the ERP. Moreover, 81.6% of the ERP is located in the extremely important zone. By discussing the implications and applications of ecological management, this study contributes to the ecological protection of Poyang Lake and provides a foundation for research on ecological function zoning at the regional scale.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Antonidze K (2010) ICZM in the Black Sea Region: experience and perspectives. J Coast Conserv 14(4) :265-272. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-009-0067-6
Arunyawat S, Shrestha R (2016) Assessing land use change and its impact on ecosystem services in Northern Thailand. Sustainability 8(8):768. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8080768
Bai Y, Jiang B, Wang M et al (2016) New ecological redline policy (ERP) to secure ecosystem services in China. Land Use Policy 55:348–351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.09.002
Bailey RG (1998) Ecoregions: the ecosystem geography of the oceans and continents. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0524-9
Bailey RG (2014) Ecoregions: the ecosystem geography of the oceans and continents. 2nd. Spring-Verlag, New York. USA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0523-2
Bloom DE, Canning D, Fink G (2008) Urbanization and the wealth of nations. Science 319:772–775. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1153057
Bradford JB, D'Amato AW (2012) Recognizing trade-offs in multi-objective land management. Front Ecol Environ 10(4):210–216. https://doi.org/10.1890/110031
Brown G, Glanz H (2018) Identifying potential NIMBY and YIMBY effects in general land use planning and zoning. Appl Geogr 99:1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.07.026
BSEP ICZM RAC (2004) Methodology for spatial planning within integrated coastal zone management. In: Europaid TACIS Project
Cao SX (2008) Why large-scale afforestation efforts in China have failed to solve the desertification problem. Environ Sci Technol 42:1826–1831. https://doi.org/10.1021/es0870597
Chen D, Jin G, Zhang Q et al (2016) Water ecological function zoning in Heihe River Basin, Northwest China. Phys Chem Earth Parts A/B/C 96:74–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2016.08.005
Chen YJ, Yu ZR, Li XD et al (2018) How agricultural multiple ecosystem services respond to socioeconomic factors in Mengyin County, China. Sci Total Environ 630:1003–1015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.187
Cheruvelil KS, Yuan S, Webster KE et al (2017) Creating multithemed ecological regions for macroscale ecology: testing a flexible, repeatable, and accessible clustering method. Ecol Evol 7(9):3046–3058. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2884
Chu L, Sun T, Wang T et al (2018) Evolution and prediction of landscape pattern and habitat quality based on CA-Markov and InVEST Model in Hubei Section of Three Gorges Reservoir Area (TGRA). Sustainability 10(11):3854. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113854
CMEP (2014) The National Ecological Protection Red Line - technical guidelines for the delineation of ecological functions red line (trial) (In Chinese). (No. 2014.1). Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing, China
CMEP (2015) Technology guide for ecological red line (In Chinese). (No. 2015.5). Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing, China.
Dinerstein E, Olson D, Joshi A et al (2017) An ecoregion-based approach to protecting half the terrestrial realm. BioScience 67(6):534–545. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bix014
Fallah BN, Partridge MD, Olfert MR (2011) Urban sprawl and productivity, Evidence from US metropolitan areas. Pap Reg Sci 90(3):451–472. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1435-5957.2010.00330.x
Fan J, Li P (2009) The scientific foundation of major function oriented zoning in China. J Geogr Sci 19:515–531. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11442-009-0515-0
Fisher B, Turner RK, Burgess ND et al (2011) Measuring, modeling and mapping ecosystem services in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania. Prog Phys Geogr 35(5):595–611. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309133311422968
Geneletti D, Van Duren I (2008) Protected area zoning for conservation and use: a combination of spatial multicriteria and multiobjective evaluation. Landsc Urban Plan 85(2):97–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.10.004
Goldstein JH, Caldarone G, Duarte TK et al (2012) Integrating ecosystem-service tradeoffs into land-use decisions. Proc Natl Acad Sci 109(19):7565–7570. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1201040109
Gong JZ, Jiang C, Chen W et al (2018) Spatiotemporal dynamics in the cultivated and built-up land of Guangzhou: insights from zoning. Habitat Int 82:104–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.10.004
Groot DRS, Wilson MA, Boumans RM (2002) A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecol Econ 41(3):393–408. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00089-7
Hu CH, Ruan BQ, Zhang SH (2017) Evolution and regulation of the relationship between the Yangtze river and Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake. Science Press, Beijing, China
IPCC (2014) Climate change 2014-Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: regional aspects. Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change. UK, Cambridge
Kremer P, Hamstead ZA (2016) The value of urban ecosystem services in New York City: a spatially explicit multicriteria analysis of landscape scale valuation scenarios. Environ Sci Pol 62:57–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2016.04.012
Li X, Yang J, Huang S et al (2016) Environmental factors contributing to avian influenza risk in Poyang Lake region, China. Environ Earth Sci 75:1292. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-6080-9
Lu WH, Liu J, Xiang XQ et al (2015) A comparison of marine spatial planning approaches in China: Marine functional zoning and the marine ecological red line. Mar Policy 62:94–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.09.004
Lyu RF, Zhang JM, Xu MQ et al (2018) Impacts of urbanization on ecosystem services and their temporal relations: a case study in Northern Ningxia, China. Land Use Policy 77:163–173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.022
Martín-López B, Palomo I, García-Llorente M et al (2017) Delineating boundaries of social-ecological systems for landscape planning: a comprehensive spatial approach. Land Use Policy 66:90–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.04.040
Moreira M, Fonseca C, Vergílio M, Calado H, Gil A (2018) Spatial assessment of habitat conservation status in a Macaronesian island based on the InVEST model: a case study of Pico Island (Azores Portugal). Land Use Policy 78 :637-649. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.07.015
Nandy S, Sing CS, Das KK et al (2015) Environmental vulnerability assessment of eco-development zone of Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh, India. Ecol Indic 57:182–195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.04.024
Nelson E, Mendoza G, Regetz J et al (2009) Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity production, and tradeoffs at landscape scales. Front Ecol Environ 7(1):4–11. https://doi.org/10.1890/080023
Olson DM, Dinerstein E, Wikramanayake ED et al (2001) Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on EarthA new global map of terrestrial ecoregions provides an innovative tool for conserving biodiversity. BioScience 51(11):933–938. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2
Ootegem VL, Verhofstadt E, Herck VK et al (2015) Multivariate pluvial flood damage models. Environ Impact Assess Rev 54:91–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2015.05.005
Ouyang ZY, Zheng H, Xiao Y et al (2016) Improvements in ecosystem services from investments in natural capital. Science 353:1455–1459. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf2295
Perera AH, Baker JA, Band LE et al (1996) A strategic framework to eco-regionalize Ontario. In Global to Local: Ecological Land Classification. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 39:85 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00396138
Pham TG, Degener J, Kappas M (2018) Integrated universal soil loss equation (USLE) and geographical information system (GIS) for soil erosion estimation in A Sap basin: Central Vietnam. Int Soil Water Conserv Res 6(2):99–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iswcr.2018.01.001
Ricaurte LF, Olaya-Rodríguez MH, Cepeda-Valencia J et al (2017) Future impacts of drivers of change on wetland ecosystem services in Colombia. Glob Environ Chang 44:158–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.04.001
Sarkar S, Justus J, Fuller T, Kelley C, Garson J, Mayfield M (2005) Effectiveness of environmental surrogates for the selection of conservation area networks. Conserv Biol 19:815–825. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00236.x
Şeker DZ, Tanık A, Çitil E et al (2016) Importance and vulnerability analyses for functional zoning in a coastal district of Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 3(3):76-91 https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306484
Sharp R, Tallis H, Ricketts T et al (2018) InVEST 3.5.0 user’s guide. The Natural Capital Project, USA
Shaw MR, Pendleton L, Cameron DR et al (2011) The impact of climate change on California’s ecosystem services. Clim Chang 109(1):465–484. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0313-4
Sievert NA, Paukert CP, Tsang Y, Infante D (2016) Development and assessment of indices to determine stream fish vulnerability to climate change and habitat alteration. Ecol Indic 67:403–416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.03.013
SOA (2012) The National Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020). State Oceanic Administration of China. Beijing, China
Song G, Li Z, Yang Y, Semakula HM, Zhang S (2015) Assessment of ecological vulnerability and decision-making application for prioritizing roadside ecological restoration: A method combining geographic information system, Delphi survey and Monte Carlo simulation. Ecol Indic 52:57–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.11.032
Sun X, Crittenden JC, Li F et al (2018) Urban expansion simulation and the spatio-temporal changes of ecosystem services, a case study in Atlanta Metropolitan area, USA. Sci Total Environ 622:974–987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.062
Tallis H, Ricketts T, Guerry A et al (2011) Integrated valuation of ecosystem services and tradeoffs. The Natural Capital Project, USA
Wang CY, Pan DL (2017) Zoning of Hangzhou Bay ecological red line using GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis. Ocean Coast Manag 139:42–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.013
Wang Y, Li Z, Tang ZH, Zeng GM (2011) A GIS-based spatial multi-criteria approach for flood risk assessment in the Dongting Lake Region Hunan Central China. Water Resour Manag 25(13):3465–3484. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-011-9866-2
Wang Y, Atallah S, Shao G (2017) Spatially explicit return on investment to private forest conservation for water purification in Indiana, USA. Ecosyst Serv 26:45–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.06.004
Wiens JA, Bruce TM (1989) Scaling of ‘landscapes’ in landscape ecology or landscape ecology from a beetle’s perspective. Landsc Ecol 3(2):87–96 https://10.1007/bf00131172
Wischmeier WH, Smith DD (1965) Predicting rainfall-erosion losses from cropland east of the Rocky Mountains: guide for selection of practices for soil and water conservation. USDA, Washiington, D.C., USA
Wu JG (1999) Hierarchy and scaling: extrapolating Information along a scaling ladder. Can J Remote Sens 25(4):367–380 https://10.1080/07038992.1999.10874736
Wu Y, Tao Y, Yang G, Ou W, Pueppke S, Sun X, Chen G, Tao Q (2019) Impact of land use change on multiple ecosystem services in the rapidly urbanizing Kunshan City of China: past trajectories and future projections. Land Use Policy 85:419–427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.04.022
Xie DM, Jin G, Zhou YM et al (2013) Ecological function zoning of Poyang lake wetland: A RAMSAR site in china. Water Policy 15(6):922–935. https://doi.org/10.2166/wp.2013.181
Yang GS, Zhang QZ, Wan RR et al (2016) Lake hydrology, water quality and ecology impacts of altered river-lake interactions: advances in research on the middle Yangtze river. Hydrol Res 47(S1):1–7. https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2016.003
Zhang BP, Mo SG, Tan Y et al (2004) Urbanization and de-urbanization in mountain regions of China. Mt Res Dev 24:206–209. https://doi.org/10.1659/0276-4741(2004)024[0206:UADIMR]2.0.CO;2
Zhang LW, Lv YH, Fu B et al (2017) Mapping ecosystem services for China’s ecoregions with a biophysical surrogate approach. Landsc Urban Plan 161:22–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.12.015
Zhang JF, Liu CY, Chang F (2019) A new approach for multifunctional zoning of territorial space: the Panxi Area of the Upper Yangtze River in China case study. Sustainability 11(8):2325. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082325
We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers and editors for their valuable comments and suggestions.
This study was supported by the Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant KFZD-SW-318), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 42071146) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 41701097).
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Ethics approval and consent to participate
Consent to publish
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Responsible Editor: Philippe Garrigues
About this article
Cite this article
Xu, C., Yang, G., Wan, R. et al. Toward ecological function zoning and comparison to the Ecological Redline Policy: a case study in the Poyang Lake Region, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-12225-6
- Ecosystem services
- Ecological function zoning
- Ecological Redline Policy
- Importance analysis
- Vulnerability analysis