Removal of aspirin from aqueous solution using electroactive bacteria induced by alternating current

Abstract

This study aims to improve bacterial laccase enzyme activity (LEA) and dehydrogenase activity (DHA) affecting acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) biodegradation using an alternating current (AC). A microbial consortium was inoculated in an electroactive bioreactor supplied with an AC by a function generator under operating conditions of amplitude (AMPL) = 2–10 peak-to-peak voltage (Vpp), optical fiber splice tray (OFST) = 0.1 V, and sine wave frequency = 10 Hz. The obtained results revealed that at an applied voltage of 8 Vpp and an OFST of 0.1 for 12 h, the maximum bacterial LEA and DHA were 30.6 U/mL and 75.5 micro grTF/cm2.gr biomass; respectively. Cell viability and permeability were equal to 95.7% and 0.3%; respectively, at the voltage of 8 Vpp. Moreover, liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses showed that by-products had lower intensity at 8 Vpp compared with that of 2 Vpp voltage. Finally, the results demonstrated an optimum applied voltage of the AC, which could stimulate and promote bacterial LEA and DHA. Therefore, an electroactive bioreactor supplied with an AC can be a novel system for stimulation of enzyme activities in the process of ASA biodegradation.

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Data availability

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article.

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Funding

This study was supported by Tarbiat Modares University, Ph.D. thesis support.

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Z. Moghiseh performed experiments, analyzed data and co-wrote the paper; A. Rezaee designed experiments and supervised the research

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Correspondence to Abbas Rezaee.

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Moghiseh, Z., Rezaee, A. Removal of aspirin from aqueous solution using electroactive bacteria induced by alternating current. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11365-z

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Keywords

  • Emerging contaminant
  • Applied current
  • Biostimulation
  • Wastewater
  • Laccase
  • Dehydrogenase activity