Impact of sterilants on culture establishment of indigenous Musa L. varieties: a step forward for conservation

Abstract

In this paper, we are focusing on study of the impact of sterilization on culture establishment of indigenous Musa variety to restore plant diversity and its importance in human life. Biodiversity supports biological system profitability where every species has a significant task to carry out. Biodiversity of plants guarantees an asset for new nourishment harvests and prescriptions. The biodiversity conservation can start from in situ and ex situ techniques. In situ strategies secure the plants in their common natural surroundings, where as ex situ techniques include safeguarding and upkeep of plant species through plant tissue culture technique. Re-establishing Indigenous plant territory is fundamental for conservation of biodiversity. Indigenous plants are those that present normally in a place where they developed. They are the biological premise whereupon the life of animals and human depends. Traditional medicines from plants are significant part of Indian culture. Banana cultivars nowadays are triploid (AAA, AAB, ABB) cross breeds of two species, Musa acuminate Colla (AA) and Musa balbisiana Colla (BB), which separately contribute the A and B genomes. The M. balbisiana which is normally present in North-Eastern belt of India has high nutrients and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Nanjangud rasabale has been found in parts of Mysuru district, known for its stand-out smell, flavor, taste, and time span of sensible convenience anyway incredibly viewed as a jeopardized grouping; red bananas are phenomenal anyway concerning supplement C and potassium, they are better than yellow ones; Meitei Hei is acclaimed for its enjoyableness and incredible alluring quality. It is a cold permissive grouping thriving incredible even at 12–15 °C. The accomplishment of plant tissue culture convention relies upon explant sterilization procedure. Determination of sterilant and time span of introduction are additionally basic on the grounds that the living material should not lose their natural action and just contaminants should be wiped out during cleansing. Surface sanitization of explant is a procedure which includes the drenching of explants into suitable convergence of compound sterilants for a predetermined time bringing about the foundation of a contamination-free culture.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Amity University, Noida for facilitating us with the infrastructure and laboratory facilities for manifesting this research work.

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Correspondence to Susmita Shukla.

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Bhutani, R., Shukla, S. & Shukla, S. Impact of sterilants on culture establishment of indigenous Musa L. varieties: a step forward for conservation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 28, 3913–3919 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-10059-w

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Keywords

  • Indigenous
  • Plant biodiversity
  • Sterilization
  • Contamination
  • Plant tissue culture