Performance evaluation of conventional and hybrid woven fabrics for the development of sustainable personal protective clothing

Abstract

This study examines the performance level of hybrid woven protective clothing (HWPC), manufactured from Kevlar® (K) and Ramie (R) yarns. The weave structures (plain, twill 1/3) and variables fiber ratios were used to produce HWPC. The performance level of HWPC was measured according to EN 388:2016. We came to the conclusion that blade cut resistance of plain and twill structure sustained protection level up to increase of KR 80:20 and KR 70:30, respectively; puncture resistance of K100% and HWPC remained in the same level of protection for plain and twill weaves; Abrasion resistance of K100% and HWPC of plain and twill weaves samples presented abrasive performance of same protection level, but the average number of cycles sustained for twill weave samples was slightly higher than plain weave. However, comparing the plain and twill weaves sample for tear resistance, twill weave samples have higher tear resistance than plain weave. A gray relational analysis and Taguchi method was performed to optimize the performance of two structures with variable fiber ratios. It was established that the article produced with K&R yarns with KR 80:20 ratio and twill weave presented the best performance against all test runs. The main objective of this study is to reduce plastic pollution by reducing the amount of synthetic fiber proportion in personal protective clothing and thereby reducing the dependence on nonrenewable sources for synthetic fiber. The 41 g/m2 reduction of Kevlar® fiber has been made in a conventional PC with ramie fiber, without compromising the protection level. This will enhance the sustainability of HWPC.

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Correspondence to Arshad Hussain Memon.

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Memon, A.H., Peerzada, M.H., Brohi, K.M. et al. Performance evaluation of conventional and hybrid woven fabrics for the development of sustainable personal protective clothing. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09610-6

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Keywords

  • Abrasion resistance
  • Cut resistance
  • Hybrid woven protective clothing
  • Kevlar®
  • Puncture resistance
  • Ramie
  • Tear strength
  • Sustainable clothing
  • Low weight PPC