China’s energy consumption and green economy efficiency: an empirical research based on the threshold effect

Abstract

Using the panel data of China’s provinces from 2005 to 2016, the paper adopts the ultra-efficiency model to measure the green economy efficiency of each province. Then, the paper used the panel threshold model to study the impact of science and technological input on the green economy efficiency with the energy consumption intensity as a threshold variable. The results show that the green economy efficiency in China’s provinces is low and is in a downward trend. When the energy consumption intensity is the threshold variable, the single-threshold effect is significant. When the energy consumption intensity is lower than the threshold value, the impact of science and technological input on green economic efficiency is not significant, and the energy consumption intensity has a significant impact on green economic efficiency with science and technological input and energy consumption intensity as the core explanatory variables and with energy consumption intensity as the threshold variable. When the energy consumption intensity crosses the threshold value, the impact of science and technological input and energy consumption intensity on green economic efficiency becomes significant. According to the above empirical results, this paper proposes corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.

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Author contribution statement

Congxin Li, Qian Jia and Guozhu Li contributed equally to this work.

Funding

This research was supported by the Projects of the National Social Science Foundation of China (No.18BJY081).

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Correspondence to Guozhu Li.

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Li, C., Jia, Q. & Li, G. China’s energy consumption and green economy efficiency: an empirical research based on the threshold effect. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09536-z

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Keywords

  • Green economic efficiency
  • Energy consumption intensity
  • Threshold effect