Green microwave synthesis of functionalized chitosan with robust adsorption capacities for Cr(VI) and/or RHB in complex aqueous solutions

Abstract

Dinitrosalicylic acid-functionalized chitosan, CHN-DNSA, was developed and improved the adsorption property against chromium Cr(VI) and/or Rhodamine B (RHB). Here, the disposal of wastewater bearing Cr(VI) and RHB from a complex system was ascribed to significant differences in physicochemical properties. The constructed CHN-DNSA surface charge is responsible for different interactions enabling simultaneous capture of pollutants. The excellent adsorption potency of Cr(VI) at pH 3.0 was 98.4% within a remarkable 1 h and the adsorption performance was 91.1% for RHB. The ionic strength was affected, reducing the removal % of Cr(VI) to 36.7% whereas 0.1 M NaCl meliorated the removal efficiency from 91.6 to 96.2% for RHB and from 82.3 to 89.1% for a binary system. Also, the exploited elimination process of Cr(VI) and/or RHB obeyed the 2nd model of kinetics and the Freundlich system. Good recovery, superior capacity, and synthetic approach make this protocol promising for wastewater treatment.

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Correspondence to Kamel Rizq Shoueir.

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Shoueir, K.R. Green microwave synthesis of functionalized chitosan with robust adsorption capacities for Cr(VI) and/or RHB in complex aqueous solutions. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09341-8

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Keywords

  • Functionalized chitosan
  • Biosorbent
  • Eco-friendly
  • Complex wastewater
  • Simultaneous adsorption
  • Reusability