Proximate analysis and fatty acid of Corbicula fluminea (C. fluminea) tissue in Kelantan, Malaysia

Abstract

Corbicula fluminea (C. fluminea) is one of the mollusc species commonly eaten as a popular snack in Kelantan, Malaysia. This species contributes to the local economic activity. However, the handling process of C. fluminea at different processing stages (raw, smoke and selling stages) is believed to have affected the nutritional value in their soft tissue. Hence, this study aims to provide information about the chemical content (moisture, crude fat, ash, crude protein and carbohydrate) of C. fluminea and fatty acid of smoked C. fluminea at different processing stages. Samples were collected from Pasir Mas and Tumpat, Kelantan, Malaysia. The chemical content analysis was carried out based on the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) standard procedures. The results have indicated that moisture (80.93 ± 0.37%) and crude fat (10.82 ± 0.21%) in C. fluminea were significantly higher (p < 0.05) at the raw stage. On the other hand, the ash (2.09 ± 0.03%) and crude protein (9.45 ± 0.42%) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) at smoked stage. Meanwhile, carbohydrate (3.39 ± 0.49%) was significantly higher (p < 0.05) at the selling stage. The fatty acid percentage of smoked C. fluminea indicates that the total saturated fatty acid (SFA) content was higher than the total of both monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The obtained data indicates that the composition percentage of omega-6 (n-6) in PUFA is significantly greater than omega-3 (n-3). The n-6/n-3 ratio of smoked C. fluminea is 2.95–3.11 and therefore can be considered as a healthy diet. The findings of this study can improve consumers’ health through sufficient nutrient consumption and also provide economic benefits by increasing sellers’ income in Kelantan.

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Acknowledgements

Our deepest gratitude goes to Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Jeli Campus for providing the laboratory facilities. We would also like to extend our appreciation to both the members of the academic and technical staff for their support in the completion of this study.

Funding

This research received funding from the Ministry of Higher Education under the Transdisciplinary Research Grant Scheme (TRGS; R/TRGS/A08.00/00244A/005/2016/000389).

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Correspondence to Aweng Eh Rak.

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Highlights

•The proximate composition of C. fluminea in different processing stages was evaluated

•Moisture content influenced other nutrient values

•Omega-6 is higher than omega-3 in smoked C. fluminea

•Processing, temperature and environment affect the nutritional content

Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Rak, A.E., Nasir, S.N.A.M., Nor, M.M. et al. Proximate analysis and fatty acid of Corbicula fluminea (C. fluminea) tissue in Kelantan, Malaysia. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 24772–24785 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-07923-0

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Keywords

  • Corbicula fluminea
  • Moisture
  • Fat
  • Ash
  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate
  • Fatty acid