Enhanced adsorption of Cr(VI), Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution using modified Eichhornia crassipes and Lemna minor

Abstract

The environment is seriously affected by the release of hazardous heavy metals from the industries. The transformation of aquatic weeds into valuable nanosorbent has been considered as effective and efficient material in the wastewater treatment process. The aim of the study is to analyze the potential of nano-EC and nano-LM for the removal of chromium(VI) and nickel(II) ions. The characteristics of nanosorbent were analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Brunauer Emmett-Teller analysis (BET), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. Adsorptive performance of nanosorbent was studied with respect to pH, contact time, nano adsorbent dosage, and metal ion concentration. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) with respect to nano-EC was found to be 79.04 mgg−1 and 85.09 mgg−1, respectively. Adsorption isotherm and kinetic studies were performed and it was reported that adsorption isotherm follows Langmuir model with regression coefficient R2 > 0.9 for nano-EC and nano-LM respectively. The pseudo-second order model was found to fit well with experimental data. Experimental results suggested that nano-EC can be considered as a suitable nanosorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) ions from effluents.

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Acknowledgements

The authors convey sincere thanks to the Management and Principal of Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, for supporting this project through the Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP-III) fund.

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Correspondence to Sivakumar Vaiyazhipalayam Murugaiyan.

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Balasubramanian, U.M., Vaiyazhipalayam Murugaiyan, S. & Marimuthu, T. Enhanced adsorption of Cr(VI), Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution using modified Eichhornia crassipes and Lemna minor. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 20648–20662 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06357-7

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Keywords

  • Heavy metal
  • Nanosorbent
  • Eichhornia crassipes
  • Lemna minor
  • Adsorption
  • Isotherm
  • Kinetics