Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 20, pp 19818–19825 | Cite as

Organic solvent removal by pervaporation membrane technology: experimental and simulation

  • Mashallah Rezakazemi
  • Azam Marjani
  • Saeed Shirazian
Research Article


This work presents purification of cyclohexane using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes in pervaporation (PV) process. The PDMS is a rubbery polymer and appropriate as membrane material for purification of cyclohexane. PV which is a low-energy separation process was chosen for purification of cyclohexane due to its superior advantages compared to other processes. Effect of feed concentration on separation factor was investigated in order to optimize the process. It was indicated that dehydration of 80 wt% cyclohexane mixture at a temperature of 300 K and a vacuum pressure of 10 mmHg could be effectively achieved and high separation factor of 2500 was obtained. Furthermore, a two-dimensional mechanistic model was proposed for predicting mass transfer of cyclohexane in the process. The mechanistic model accounts for mass transfer of cyclohexane across the membrane, and concentration distribution of cyclohexane was determined. It was revealed that the most mass transfer flux of cyclohexane occur at the region near the inlet of feed channel, while the flux at the upper side of the module reaches zero value due to the effect of velocity distribution on the convective mass transfer of cyclohexane.


Membranes Mechanistic modeling Cyclohexane purification Diffusion Mass transfer Simulations 



concentration (mol/m3)


diffusion coefficient (m2/s)


activation energy (J)


body force (N)


enthalpy (J)


module length (m)


partition coefficient


pressure (Pa)


reaction term (mol/m3.s)


time (s)


temperature (K)


velocity vector (m/s)


x coordinate (m)


weight fraction in feed phase


y coordinate (m)


weight fraction in permeate phase

Greek symbols


separation factor


dynamic viscosity (kg/m s)


density of the fluid (kg/m3)









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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical and Materials EngineeringShahrood University of TechnologyShahroodIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryIslamic Azad University, Arak BranchArakIran
  3. 3.Department for Management of Science and Technology DevelopmentTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  4. 4.Faculty of Applied SciencesTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam

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