Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 17, pp 17033–17037 | Cite as

Effects of selected synthetic insecticides on the total and differential populations of circulating haemocytes in adults of the red cotton stainer bug Dysdercus koenigii (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Pyrrhocoridae)

  • Zahid Mahmood Sarwar
  • Mamuna Ijaz
  • Muhammad Altaf Sabri
  • Hasnain Yousaf
  • Muhammad Mohsan
Research Article


Red cotton bug, Dysdercus koenigii (Hemiptera: Pyrrhocoridae), has become the major insect pest of various crops, including cotton, and thereby reducing the yield qualitatively and quantitatively and synthetic insecticides belonging to different groups are the major control agents for such insect pests. A laboratory experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of different conventional insecticides, i.e., imidacloprid, deltamethrin, lambda cyhalothrin, gamma cyhalothrin and cyfluthirn on haemocytes of D. koenigii. The individuals were exposed to insecticides separately and data was recorded after 30 and 60 min of the exposure. The findings of current study depicted chlorpyrifos to be more effective and significant alterations in total haemocyte counts and differential haemocyte counts were observed in the cyfluthirn treated D. koenigii. In addition to this, cell structure was also disrupted as an immune response. Similar studies would also be helpful to understand the defence mechanisms of insects against the xenobiotics which will help to device efficient management tools for D. koenigii.


Insecticides Haemocytes Total haemocyte count Differential haemocyte count Immature response Defence mechanism 



We are highly thankful to the anonymous reviewers and editor for their valuable comments for the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahid Mahmood Sarwar
    • 1
  • Mamuna Ijaz
    • 1
  • Muhammad Altaf Sabri
    • 2
  • Hasnain Yousaf
    • 2
  • Muhammad Mohsan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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