Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 18, pp 17444–17456 | Cite as

NaCl impact on Kosteletzkya pentacarpos seedlings simultaneously exposed to cadmium and zinc toxicities

  • Ming-Xi Zhou
  • Hélène Dailly
  • Marie-Eve Renard
  • Rui-Ming Han
  • Stanley Lutts
Research Article


Data regarding NaCl impact on halophyte plant species exposed to a polymetallic contamination remain scarce. Seedlings of the salt marsh species Kosteletzkya pentacarpos were simultaneously exposed to cadmium (10 μM) and zinc (100 μM) in the absence or presence of 50 mM NaCl. Heavy metal exposure reduced plant growth and increased Cd and Zn concentrations in all organs. Cd and Zn accumulation reduced net photosynthesis in relation to stomatal closure, decreased in chlorophyll concentration and alteration in chlorophyll fluorescence-related parameters. Salinity reduced Cd and Zn bioaccumulation and translocation, with a higher impact on Cd than Zn. It mitigated the deleterious impact of heavy metals on photosynthetic parameters. NaCl reduced the heavy metal-induced oxidative stress assessed by malondialdehyde, carbonyl, and H2O2 concentration. Subcellular distribution revealed that Cd mainly accumulated in the cell walls, but NaCl increased it in the cytosol fraction in the leaf and in the metal-rich granule fraction in the roots. It had no impact on Zn subcellular distribution. The additional NaCl contributed to a higher sequestration of Cd on phytochelatins and stimulated glutathione synthesis. The positive impact of NaCl on K. pentacarpos response to polymetallic pollution made this species a promising candidate for revegetation of heavy metal-contaminated salt areas.


Halophyte Heavy metal Cadmium Zinc Phytoremediation Salinity 



We thank Mrs. Brigitte Vanpee (UCL, Louvain-la-– Neuve) for the technical assistance, and the PhD student Jiachen Wang (KUL, Leuven) for the management of the experiment. Mingxi Zhou is grateful to the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for the award of a research fellowship.

Funding information

This study was partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41403064, 41773081).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ming-Xi Zhou
    • 1
  • Hélène Dailly
    • 1
  • Marie-Eve Renard
    • 1
  • Rui-Ming Han
    • 2
  • Stanley Lutts
    • 1
  1. 1.Groupe de Recherche en Physiologie végétale, Earth and Life Institute-Agronomy (ELI-A)Université catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.School of EnvironmentNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingChina

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