Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 17, pp 16702–16709 | Cite as

Controls on the spatial distribution of iodine in groundwater in the Hebei Plain, China

  • Yuanjing Zhang
  • Yaoguo Wu
  • Jichao Sun
  • Sihai Hu
  • Yuxi Zhang
  • Xiaoping Xiang
Research Article
  • 85 Downloads

Abstract

In the Hebei Plain of North China, 70% of the inhabitants depend on groundwater for drinking water. Little is known regarding high-iodine concentrations in groundwater because there have been few systematic studies on high levels of iodine in groundwater in this region. To help identify the mechanisms that control the spatial distribution of iodine in groundwater, 61 samples of shallow groundwater and 161 samples of deep groundwater were collected along a sample section from Taihang Mountain to the Bo Sea. There were four pockets of high-iodine concentrations along the sample section. As the groundwater depth increased, the ratio of undetected iodine decreased, and the ratio of high-iodine concentrations increased. The high-iodine concentrations in the groundwater reflect the geological and sedimentary settings, and were mainly controlled by pH and Eh. Iodine concentrations were particularly high when the pH was between 7.3 and 8.5, and there was an inflection point at 150 μg/L in the curve of the relationship between iodine concentrations and Eh.

Keywords

Iodine Groundwater pH Eh North China Plain 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Paul Seward, PhD, from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Group China (www.liwenbianji.cn/ac), for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.

Funding information

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (D2015504010) and China Geological Survey Project (DD20160308), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41502240), the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (No.2017JM4005), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No.3102017zy056).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1843_MOESM1_ESM.doc (109 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 109 kb)

References

  1. Andersen S, Lauberg P (2009) The nature of iodine in drinking water. In: Preedy VR, Burrow GN, Watson R (eds) Comprehensive handbook of iodine nutritional, biochemical, pathological and therapeutic aspects. Academic Press, London, pp 125–134Google Scholar
  2. Andersen S, Petersen SB, Laurberg P (2012) Iodine in drinking water in Denmark is bound in humic substances. Eur J Endocrinol 147:663–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benoist B, Mclean E, Anderson M, Rogers L (2008) Iodine deficiency in 2007: global progress since 2003. Food Nutr Bull (The United Nations University) 29(3):195–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen W (1999) Groundwater in Hebei Plain. Seismological Press, Beijing, p 76Google Scholar
  5. Chen Z, Qi J, Xu J, Xu J, Ye H, Nan Y (2003) Paleoclimatic interpretation of the past 30 ka from isotopic studies of the deep confined aquifer of the North China plain. Appl Geochem 18:997–1009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Duan L, Wang W, Sun Y, Zhang C (2016) Iodine in groundwater of the Guanzhong Basin, China: sources and hydrogeochemical controls on its distribution. Environ Earth Sci 75:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fordyce FM, Johnson CC, Navaratna UR, Appleton JD, Dissanayake CB (2000) Selenium and iodine in soil, rice and drinking water in relation to endemic goitre in Sri Lanka. Sci Total Environ 263:127–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Harada S, Ichihara N, Arai J, Honma H, Matsuura N, Fujieda K (1994) Influence of iodine excess due to iodine-containing antiseptics on neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism in Hokkaido prefecture, Japan. Screening 3:115–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hou X, Hansen V, Aldahan A, Possnert G, Lind OC, Lujaniene G (2009) A review on speciation of iodine-129 in the environmental and biological samples. Anal Chim Acta 632:181–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Li J, Wang Y, Guo W, Xie X, Zhang L (2013a) Factors controlling spatial variation of iodine species in groundwater of the Datong basin, northern China. Proc Earth Planet Sci 7:483–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li J, Wang Y, Xie X, Zhang L, Guo W (2013b) Hydrogeochemistry of high iodine groundwater: a case study at the Datong basin, northern China. Environ Sci Processes Impacts 15:848–859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li J, Wang Y, Guo W, Xie X, Zhang L, Liu Y, Kong S (2014) Iodine mobilization in groundwater system at Datong basin, China: evidence from hydrochemistry and fluorescence characteristics. Sci Total Environ 468-469:738–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lu Y, Wang N, Zhu L, Wang G, Wu H, Kuang L, Zhu W (2005) Investigation of iodine concentration in salt, water and soil along the coast of Zhejiang, China. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B (Biomedicine & Biotechnology) 6(12):1200–1205 (in Chinese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Niu G, Wang M (1991) Analysis of iodine in shallow groundwater of eastern Handan plain. Groundwater 2:108–110Google Scholar
  15. Shen HM, Zhang SB, Liu SJ, Su XH, Shen YF, Han HP (2007) Study on the geographic distribution of national high water iodine areas and the contours of water iodine in high iodine areas. Chin J Endemiol 26:658–661Google Scholar
  16. Shimamoto YS, Takahashi Y, Terada Y (2011) Formation of organic iodine supplied as iodine in a soil-water system in Chiba, Japan. Environ Sci Technol 45:2086–2092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Steinberg SM, Buck B, Morton J, Dorman J (2008) The speciation of iodine in the salt impacted Black Butte soil series along the Virgin river, Nevada, USA. Appl Geochem 23:3589–3596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Su C, Chen Z, Chen J, Fei Y, Chen J, Duan B (2014) Mechanics of aquitard drainage by aquifer-system compaction and its implications for water-management in the North China Plain. J Earth Sci 25:598–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tang Q, Xu Q, Zhang F, Huang Y, Liu J, Wang X, Yang Y, Liu X (2013) Geochemistry of iodine-rich groundwater in the Taiyuan Basin of central Shanxi Province, North China. J Geochem Explor 135:117–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tian WF, Zhao ZH (1997) Formation and exploitation of the iodine groundwater in the eastern Hebei Plain. Hydrogeol Eng Geol 5:33–36 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  21. Watts MJ, Mitchell CJ (2009) A pilot study on iodine in soils of Greater Kabul and Nangarhar provinces of Afghanistan. Environ Geochem Health 31:503–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Watts MJ, O’Reilly J, Maricelli A, Coleman A, Ander EL, Ward NI (2010) A snapshot of environmental iodine and selenium in La Pampa and San Juan provinces of Argentina. J Geochem Explor 107:87–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wen D, Zhang F, Zhang E, Wang C, Han S, Zheng Y (2013) Arsenic, fluoride and iodine in groundwater of China. J Geochem Explor 135:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. WHO (2007) In: Andersson M, de Benoist B, Darnton-Hill I, Delange F (eds) Iodine deficiency in Europe: a continuing public health problem. World Health Organization, UNICEF, France, pp 1–86Google Scholar
  25. Yan YQ, Zhao JK, Sun XF, Tian EJ, Li LY, Guo SY (2004) The study on the effects of excessive important trace elements (iodine excess) on health. Chin J Endemiol 23(4):378–379 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  26. Yu Z (1981) Ecology of iodine and goiter. J Hebei Med Coll 2:134–138 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  27. Zhang Z, Fei Y (2009) Groundwater sustainable use atlas in north China plain. Geological Publishing House, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  28. Zhang Z, Shi D, Ren F, Yin Z, Sun J, Zhang C (1997) Evolution of quaternary groundwater system in North China Plain. Sci China 40(3):276–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zhang E, Wang Y, Qian Y, Ma T, Zhang D, Zhan H, Zhang Z, Fei Y, Wang S (2013) Iodine in groundwater of the North China Plain: spatial patterns and hydrogeochemical processes of enrichment. J Geochem Explor 135:40–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhao Z, Tian W (1988) Preliminary study on causes and distribution of shallow high-iodine groundwater in Cangzhou City. Hydrogeol Eng Geology 6:44–47 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  31. Zhao J, Chen Z, Maberly G (1998) Iodine-rich drinking water of natural origin in China. Lancet 352:2024CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Natural and Applied SciencesNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.The Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, CAGSShijiazhuangChina

Personalised recommendations