Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 17, pp 16702–16709 | Cite as

Controls on the spatial distribution of iodine in groundwater in the Hebei Plain, China

  • Yuanjing Zhang
  • Yaoguo Wu
  • Jichao Sun
  • Sihai Hu
  • Yuxi Zhang
  • Xiaoping Xiang
Research Article


In the Hebei Plain of North China, 70% of the inhabitants depend on groundwater for drinking water. Little is known regarding high-iodine concentrations in groundwater because there have been few systematic studies on high levels of iodine in groundwater in this region. To help identify the mechanisms that control the spatial distribution of iodine in groundwater, 61 samples of shallow groundwater and 161 samples of deep groundwater were collected along a sample section from Taihang Mountain to the Bo Sea. There were four pockets of high-iodine concentrations along the sample section. As the groundwater depth increased, the ratio of undetected iodine decreased, and the ratio of high-iodine concentrations increased. The high-iodine concentrations in the groundwater reflect the geological and sedimentary settings, and were mainly controlled by pH and Eh. Iodine concentrations were particularly high when the pH was between 7.3 and 8.5, and there was an inflection point at 150 μg/L in the curve of the relationship between iodine concentrations and Eh.


Iodine Groundwater pH Eh North China Plain 



The authors thank Paul Seward, PhD, from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Group China (, for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.

Funding information

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (D2015504010) and China Geological Survey Project (DD20160308), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41502240), the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (No.2017JM4005), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No.3102017zy056).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1843_MOESM1_ESM.doc (109 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 109 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Natural and Applied SciencesNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.The Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, CAGSShijiazhuangChina

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