Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 11948–11957 | Cite as

Dissolved organic matter distribution and its association with colloidal aluminum and iron in the Selenga River Basin from Ulaanbaatar to Lake Baikal

  • Morimaru Kida
  • Orgilbold Myangan
  • Bolormaa Oyuntsetseg
  • Viacheslav Khakhinov
  • Masayuki Kawahigashi
  • Nobuhide Fujitake
Research Article
  • 126 Downloads

Abstract

The Selenga River Basin (Mongolia and Russia) has suffered from heavy metal contamination by placer gold mining and urban activities in recent decades. The objectives of this study were to provide the first distribution data of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and humic substances (HS) in this data-scarce region, and to investigate their association with dissolved and colloidal metals. Two sampling campaigns were conducted in August of 2013 and 2014. A constant proportion of HS (%HS; coefficient of variation of 2%) was observed from the headwater of Tuul River to the end of the delta before Lake Baikal, spanning > 1000 km in distance. The relationships were determined as [HS] = 0.643 × [DOM] (R2 = 0.996, P < 0.001), and this value (%HS = 64.3) is recommended as an input parameter for metal speciation modeling based on samples collected from the rivers. The DOM and metal (Al and Fe) concentrations in samples doubled through the Zaamar Goldfield mining area, but the influence was mitigated by mixing with the larger Orkhon River, which has better water quality. Metals were mainly present as colloids and had a strong positive correlation with DOM (Al r = 0.81, P < 0.01; Fe r = 0.61, P < 0.01), suggesting that DOM sustains colloidal Al and Fe in solution and they are co-transported in the Selenga River Basin. Land use changes affect water quality and metal speciation and therefore have major implications for the fate of metals.

Keywords

Contamination DOM Heavy metal Humic substances Metal speciation Model VI Stockholm Humic Model Visual MINTEQ 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by National University of Mongolia (grant number P2016-1222) and JSPS KAKENHI grant number 25304001. We would like to thank K. Maki from Kobe University for the assistance in data collection.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Altansukh O, Whitehead P, Bromley J (2012) Spatial patterns and temporal trends in the water quality of the Tuul River in Mongolia. Energy Environ Res 2(1):62–78.  https://doi.org/10.5539/eer.v2n1p62 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Batbayar G, Pfeiffer M, von Tümpling W, Kappas M, Karthe D (2017) Chemical water quality gradients in the Mongolian sub-catchments of the Selenga River basin. Environ Monit Assess 189(8):420–427.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6123-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Batimaa P, Myagmarjav B, Batnasan N et al (2011) Urban water vulnerability to climate change in Mongolia. Minist Nature Environ Tour Rep 78PGoogle Scholar
  4. Batjargal T, Otgonjargal E, Baek K, Yang J-S (2010) Assessment of metals contamination of soils in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. J Hazard Mater 184(1-3):872–876.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.08.106 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Batsaikhan B, Kwon J-S, Kim K-H, Lee YJ, Lee JH, Badarch M, Yun ST (2017) Hydrochemical evaluation of the influences of mining activities on river water chemistry in central northern Mongolia. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(2):2019–2034.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7895-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bell NGA, Michalchuk AAL, Blackburn JWT, Graham MC, Uhrín D (2015) Isotope-filtered 4D NMR spectroscopy for structure determination of humic substances. Angew Chemie Int Ed 54(29):8382–8385.  https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201503321 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bergamaschi BA, Krabbenhoft DP, Aiken GR, Patino E, Rumbold DG, Orem WH (2012) Tidally driven export of dissolved organic carbon, total mercury, and methylmercury from a mangrove-dominated estuary. Environ Sci Technol 46(3):1371–1378.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es2029137 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blazevic A, Orlowska E, Kandioller W, Jirsa F, Keppler BK, Tafili-Kryeziu M, Linert W, Krachler RF, Krachler R, Rompel A (2016) Photoreduction of terrigenous Fe-humic substances leads to bioavailable iron in oceans. Angew Chemie Int Ed 55(22):6417–6422.  https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201600852 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brumbaugh WG, Tillitt DE, May TW, Javzan C, Komov VT (2013) Environmental survey in the Tuul and Orkhon River basins of north-central Mongolia, 2010: metals and other elements in streambed sediment and floodplain soil. Environ Monit Assess 185(11):8991–9008.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-013-3229-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bryan SE, Tipping E, Hamilton-Taylor J (2002) Comparison of measured and modelled copper binding by natural organic matter in freshwaters. Comp Biochem Physiol Part C Toxicol Pharmacol 133(1-2):37–49.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1532-0456(02)00083-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Byambaa B, Todo Y (2011) Technological impact of placer gold mine on water quality: case of Tuul River Valley in the Zaamar Goldfield, Mongolia. World Acad Sci Eng Technol 51:167–171Google Scholar
  12. Chalov SR, Zavadsky AS, Belozerova EV, Bulacheva MP et al (2012) Suspended and dissolved matter fluxes in the upper Selenga river basin. Geogr Environ Sustain 5(03):78–94.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892900029301 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chalov SR, Jarsjö J, Kasimov NS et al (2015) Spatio-temporal variation of sediment transport in the Selenga River Basin, Mongolia and Russia. Environ Earth Sci 73(2):663–680.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3106-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chalov S, Thorslund J, Kasimov N, Aybullatov D, Ilyicheva E, Karthe D, Kositsky A, Lychagin M, Nittrouer J, Pavlov M, Pietron J, Shinkareva G, Tarasov M, Garmaev E, Akhtman Y, Jarsjö J (2017) The Selenga River delta: a geochemical barrier protecting Lake Baikal waters. Reg Environ Chang 17(7):2039–2053.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-016-0996-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Chiou CT, Malcolm RL, Brinton TI, Kile DE (1986) Water solubility enhancement of some organic pollutants and pesticides by dissolved humic and fulvic acids. Environ Sci Technol 20(5):502–508.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es00147a010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Curtis PJ, Adams HE (1995) Dissolved organic matter quantity and quality from freshwater and saltwater lakes in east-central Alberta. Biogeochemistry 30(1):59–76.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02181040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Eary LE (1999) Geochemical and equilibrium trends in mine pit lakes. Appl Geochem 14(8):963–987.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-2927(99)00049-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Farjalla VF, Amado AM, Suhett AL, Meirelles-Pereira F (2009) DOC removal paradigms in highly humic aquatic ecosystems. Environ Sci Pollut Res 16(5):531–538.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-009-0165-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Farrington J (2000) Environmental problems of placer gold mining in the Zaamar Goldfield, Mongolia. World Placer J 1:107–128Google Scholar
  20. Gustafsson JP (2001) Modeling the acid–base properties and metal complexation of humic substances with the Stockholm Humic Model. J Colloid Interface Sci 244(1):102–112.  https://doi.org/10.1006/jcis.2001.7871 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hansen AM, Kraus TEC, Pellerin BA, Fleck JA, Downing BD, Bergamaschi BA (2016) Optical properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM): effects of biological and photolytic degradation. Limnol Oceanogr 61(3):1015–1032.  https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.10270 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hayakawa K, Sekino T, Yoshioka T, Maruo M, Kumagai M (2003) Dissolved organic carbon and fluorescence in Lake Hovsgol: factors reducing humic content of the lake water. Limnology 4(1):25–33.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10201-003-0092-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Helms JR, Mao J, Schmidt-Rohr K, Abdulla H, Mopper K (2013) Photochemical flocculation of terrestrial dissolved organic matter and iron. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 121:398–413.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2013.07.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hofmann J, Hürdler J, Ibisch R, Schaeffer M, Borchardt D (2011) Analysis of recent nutrient emission pathways, resulting surface water quality and ecological impacts under extreme continental climate: the Kharaa River Basin (Mongolia). Int Rev Hydrobiol 96(5):484–519.  https://doi.org/10.1002/iroh.201111294 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hofmann J, Watson V, Scharaw B (2015) Groundwater quality under stress: contaminants in the Kharaa River basin (Mongolia). Environ Earth Sci 73(2):629–648.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3148-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hülsmann L, Geyer T, Schweitzer C, Priess J, Karthe D (2015) The effect of subarctic conditions on water resources: initial results and limitations of the SWAT model applied to the Kharaa River Basin in northern Mongolia. Environ Earth Sci 73(2):581–592.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3173-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jamiyanov DTD, Ulzetueva ID, Gomboev BO, Khakhinov VV (2011) Transboundary problems of water resources quality in the Selenga River Basin. Mineral Mag 75:2050Google Scholar
  28. Karthe D, Kasimov NS, Chalov SR et al (2014) Integrating multi-scale data for the assessment of water availability and quality in the Kharaa-Orkhon-Selenga River system. Geogr Environ Sustain 3:65–86.  https://doi.org/10.15356/2071-9388 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Karthe D, Hofmann J, Ibisch R, Heldt S, Westphal K, Menzel L, Avlyush S, Malsy M (2015) Science-based IWRM implementation in a data-scarce central Asian region: experiences from a research and development project in the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia. Water 7(12):3486–3514.  https://doi.org/10.3390/w7073486 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Karthe D, Chalov S, Moreido V, Pashkina M, Romanchenko A, Batbayar G, Kalugin A, Westphal K, Malsy M, Flörke M (2017) Assessment of runoff, water and sediment quality in the Selenga River basin aided by a web-based geoservice. Water Resour 44(3):399–416.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S0097807817030113 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kida M, Maki K, Takata A, Kato T, Tsuda K, Hayakawa K, Sugiyama Y, Fujitake N (2015) Quantitative monitoring of aquatic humic substances in Lake Biwa, Japan, using the DAX-8 batch method based on carbon concentrations. Org Geochem 83–84:153–157.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2015.03.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lychagin M, Chalov S, Kasimov N, Shinkareva G, Jarsjö J, Thorslund J (2017) Surface water pathways and fluxes of metals under changing environmental conditions and human interventions in the Selenga River system. Environ Earth Sci 76(1):1–14.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-6304-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Myangan O, Kawahigashi M, Oyuntsetseg B, Fujitake N (2017) Impact of land uses on heavy metal distribution in the Selenga River system in Mongolia. Environ Earth Sci 76(9):346–360.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-017-6664-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Osburn CL, Wigdahl CR, Fritz SC, Saros JE (2011) Dissolved organic matter composition and photoreactivity in prairie lakes of the U.S. Great Plains. Limnol Oceanogr 56(6):2371–2390.  https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2011.56.6.2371 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pfeiffer M, Batbayar G, Hofmann J, Siegfried K, Karthe D, Hahn-Tomer S (2015) Investigating arsenic (As) occurrence and sources in ground, surface, waste and drinking water in northern Mongolia. Environ Earth Sci 73(2):649–662.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-013-3029-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Priess JA, Schweitzer C, Batkhishig O, Koschitzki T, Wurbs D (2015) Impacts of agricultural land-use dynamics on erosion risks and options for land and water management in northern Mongolia. Environ Earth Sci 73(2):697–708.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3380-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sinha S, Balganjav K (2011) From vulnerability to sustainability: environment and human development. UNDP, Mong Hum Dev Rep 2011:148PGoogle Scholar
  38. Sinyukovich VN, Sorokovikova LM, Tomberg IV, Tulokhonov AK (2010) Climate changes and the Selenga River chemical flow. Dokl Earth Sci 433(2):1127–1131.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X10080295 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sorokovikova LM, Popovskaya GI, Tomberg IV, Sinyukovich VN, Kravchenko OS, Marinaite II, Bashenkhaeva NV, Khodzher TV (2013) The Selenga River water quality on the border with Mongolia at the beginning of the 21st century. Russ Meteorol Hydrol 38(2):126–133.  https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068373913020106 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Spencer RG, Butler KD, Aiken GR (2012) Dissolved organic carbon and chromophoric dissolved organic matter properties of rivers in the USA. J Geophys Res 117(G3):14P.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JG001928 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stubblefield A, Chandra S, Eagan S, Tuvshinjargal D, Davaadorzh G, Gilroy D, Sampson J, Thorne J, Allen B, Hogan Z (2005) Impacts of gold mining and land use alterations on the water quality of central Mongolian rivers. Integr Environ Assess Manag 1(4):365–373.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.5630010406 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sugiyama Y, Hatcher PG, Sleighter RL, Suzuki T, Wada C, Kumagai T, Mitamura O, Katano T, Nakano SI, Tanaka Y, Drucker VV, Fialkov VA, Sugiyama M (2014) Developing an understanding of dissolved organic matter dynamics in the giant Lake Baikal by ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry. Limnology 15(2):127–139.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10201-014-0424-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Taylor NS, Kirwan JA, Yan ND, Viant MR, Gunn JM, McGeer JC (2015) Metabolomics confirms that dissolved organic carbon mitigates copper toxicity. Environ Toxicol Chem 35(3):635–644.  https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.3206 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Thorslund J, Jarsjö J, Wällstedt T, Mörth CM, Lychagin MY, Chalov SR (2014) Geochemical controls on the partitioning and hydrological transport of metals in a non-acidic river system. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci Discuss 11(8):9715–9758.  https://doi.org/10.5194/hessd-11-9715-2014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Thorslund J, Jarsjö J, Wällstedt T, Mörth CM, Lychagin MY, Chalov SR (2017) Speciation and hydrological transport of metals in non-acidic river systems of the Lake Baikal basin: field data and model predictions. Reg Environ Chang 17(7):2007–2021.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-016-0982-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tipping E (1998) Humic Ion-Binding Model VI: an improved description of the interactions of protons and metal ions with humic substances. Aquat Geochem 4(1):3–48.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009627214459 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tsuda K, Takata A, Shirai H et al (2012) A method for quantitative analysis of aquatic humic substances in clear water based on carbon concentration. Anal Sci 28(10):1017–1020.  https://doi.org/10.2116/analsci.28.1017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tsuda K, Kida M, Aso S, Kato T, Fujitake N, Maruo M, Hayakawa K, Hirota M (2016) Determination of aquatic humic substances in Japanese lakes and wetlands by the carbon concentration-based resin isolation technique. Limnology 17(1):1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10201-015-0455-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. UNEP-NISD (2008) Integrated water management model on the Selenga River Basin: Status survey and investigation (Phase I). KEI 419PGoogle Scholar
  50. Watanabe A, Moroi K, Sato H, Tsutsuki K, Maie N, Melling L, Jaffé R (2012) Contributions of humic substances to the dissolved organic carbon pool in wetlands from different climates. Chemosphere 88(10):1265–1268.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.04.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Weyhenmeyer GA, Prairie YT, Tranvik LJ (2014) Browning of boreal freshwaters coupled to carbon-iron interactions along the aquatic continuum. PLoS One 9(2):7P.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088104 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yoshioka T, Ueda S, Khodzher T, Bashenkhaeva N, Korovyakova I, Sorokovikova L, Gorbunova L (2002) Distribution of dissolved organic carbon in Lake Baikal and its watershed. Limnology 3(3):159–168.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s102010200019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Graduate School of Urban Environmental SciencesTokyo Metropolitan UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryNational University of MongoliaUlaanbaatarMongolia
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryBuryat State UniversityBuryatiaRussia

Personalised recommendations