Screening cyhalothrin degradation strains from locust epiphytic bacteria and studying Paracoccus acridae SCU-M53 cyhalothrin degradation process
All locust epiphytic bacteria were screened and a total of 62 epiphytic bacteria were obtained from samples of Acrida cinerea. Via phylogenetic analysis, the 62 epiphytic bacteria were allocated to 27 genera, 18 families, 13 orders, six classes, and four phylums. Then, cyhalothrin degradation experiments were conducted, and the 10 strains that degraded more than 30% cyhalothrin and Paracoccus acridae SCU-M53 showed the highest cyhalothrin degradation rate of 70.5%. Furthermore, Paracoccus acridae SCU-M53 was selected for optimal cyhalothrin biodegradation conditions via the response surface method (Design-Expert). Under the optimum conditions (28 °C, 75 mg/L, and 180 rpm), the cyhalothrin degradation rate reached 79.84% after 2 days. This suggests the possibility that isolating biodegradation cyhalothrin strains from Acrida cinerea is feasible.
KeywordsEpiphytic bacteria Biodiversity Cyhalothrin Biodegradation Acrida cinerea
This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFB0308401), the Chengdu Science and Technology Huimin Program (2016-HM01-00409-SF), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.
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