Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 10926–10936 | Cite as

Toxicity comparison of the shoreline cleaners Accell Clean® and PES-51® in two life stages of the grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio

  • Sarah-Marie E. Baxter
  • Marie E. DeLorenzo
  • Peter B. Key
  • Katy W. Chung
  • Emily Pisarski
  • Barbara Beckingham
  • Michael H. Fulton
Research Article


Oil spills are a significant source of coastal pollution. Shoreline cleaners, used to remove oil from surfaces during spill response and remediation, may also act as toxins. Adult and larval grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, were tested for lethal and sublethal impacts from two shoreline cleaners, Accell Clean SWA® and PES-51®, alone and in combination with crude oil using Chemically Enhanced Water Accommodated Fractions (CEWAFs). Median lethal toxicity values determined for the individual cleaners were similar. However, when tested in mixture with oil as CEWAFs, Accell Clean SWA resulted in greater hydrocarbon concentrations in the water column and greater toxicity than PES-51. Increased glutathione levels were observed for adult shrimp exposed to Accell Clean SWA, and glutathione was elevated in shrimp exposed to both CEWAFs. Larval shrimp development was delayed after exposure to both CEWAFs. These findings may have implications for managing and mitigating oil spills.


Shoreline cleaner Oil Grass shrimp Accell Clean SWA® PES-51® Larval development 



Thank you to Jamileh Soueidan for the laboratory assistance, as well as James Daugomah and Blaine West for field collections. We thank Ed Wirth for assistance with chemical analysis. We appreciate helpful manuscript reviews by Paul Pennington, A.K. Leight, and Len Balthis.

Compliance with ethical standards


The NOAA, National Ocean Service does not approve, recommend, or endorse any proprietary product or material mentioned in this publication.


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental StudiesCollege of CharlestonCharlestonUSA
  2. 2.NOAA National Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean ScienceCharlestonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Geology and Environmental GeosciencesCollege of CharlestonCharlestonUSA

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