Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 10619–10629 | Cite as

Regenerable, innovative porous silicon-based polymer-derived ceramics for removal of methylene blue and rhodamine B from textile and environmental waters

  • Maria Concetta Bruzzoniti
  • Marta Appendini
  • Barbara Onida
  • Michele Castiglioni
  • Massimo Del Bubba
  • Lia Vanzetti
  • Prasanta Jana
  • Gian Domenico Sorarù
  • Luca Rivoira
Research Article


The presence of residual color in treated textile wastewater above the regulation limits is still a critical issue in many textile districts. Innovative, polymer-derived ceramics of the Si–C–O system were here synthesized in order to obtain porous nanocomposite materials where a free carbon phase is dispersed into a silicon carbide/silicon oxycarbide network. The sorbents were comprehensively characterized for the removal of two model water-soluble dyes (i.e., the cation methylene blue and the zwitterion rhodamine B). Adsorption is very rapid and controlled by intra-particle and/or film diffusion, depending on dye concentration. Among the nanocomposites studied, the SiOC aerogel (total capacity about 45 mg/g, is easily regenerated under mild treatment (250 °C, 2 h). Adsorption of dyes is not affected by the matrix composition: removals of 150 mg/L methylene blue from river water and simulated textile wastewater with high content of metal ions (2–50 mg/L) and chemical oxygen demand (800 mg/L) were higher than 92% and quantitative for a dye concentration of 1 mg/L.


Dyes Textile wastewater Adsorption Polymer-derived ceramics Regeneration 



MCB would like to express her gratitude to Dr. Francesca Orzi for her technical support.

Funding information

The authors greatly acknowledge the financial support of “Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Trento e Rovereto” under the contract: polymer-derived ceramics with hierarchical porosity for water filtration/purification (grant number 2015.0174). Financial support from Ministero dell’Istruzione e della Ricerca (MIUR, Italy) is also acknowledged.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1367_MESM1_ESM.docx (180 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 179 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Concetta Bruzzoniti
    • 1
  • Marta Appendini
    • 1
  • Barbara Onida
    • 2
  • Michele Castiglioni
    • 1
  • Massimo Del Bubba
    • 3
  • Lia Vanzetti
    • 4
  • Prasanta Jana
    • 5
  • Gian Domenico Sorarù
    • 5
  • Luca Rivoira
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  2. 2.Department of Applied Science and TechnologyPolytechnic of TorinoTurinItaly
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”University of FlorenceSesto FiorentinoItaly
  4. 4.Fondazione Bruno Kessler-CMM-MNFTrentoItaly
  5. 5.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly

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