Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 11045–11053 | Cite as

An efficient and reusable quaternary ammonium fabric adsorbent prepared by radiation grafting for removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater

  • Li-juan Pang
  • Jiang-tao Hu
  • Mao-jiang Zhang
  • Chen-guang Yang
  • Guo-zhong Wu
Research Article


A novel quaternary ammonium polyethylene nonwoven fabric for removing chromium ions from water was prepared via radiation-induced grafting of glycidyl methacrylate and further modification with N,N′-dimethylethylenediamine. The structural and morphological characteristics of the adsorbent were analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetry and differential thermogravimetry (TG/DTG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The influences of several principal factors, including pH value, initial Cr(VI) concentration, contact time, and coexisting anions (including SO42−, CO32−, NO3, PO43−, and Cl), on adsorption performance were investigated via batch tests. The results showed that the optimum removal efficiency was 99.2% at pH 3 and the maximum adsorption quantity for Cr(VI) at 25 °C was 336 mg/g. The adsorption kinetic parameters were better fitted with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and the equilibrium data were described very well by the Freundlich isotherm model. Furthermore, the as-synthesized adsorbent exhibited excellent regeneration and recyclability while maintaining high adsorption performance after five adsorption/desorption cycles.


Hexavalent chromium Polyethylene Nonwoven fabrics Radiation grafting Removal Reusable 


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 11675247 and Y715191031).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Physical Science and TechnologyShanghai Tech UniversityShanghaiChina

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