Ridge sowing of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in a minimum till system improves the productivity, oil quality, and profitability on a sandy loam soil under an arid climate

  • Ahmad Sher
  • Muhammad Suleman
  • Abdul Qayyum
  • Abdul Sattar
  • Allah Wasaya
  • Muhammad Ijaz
  • Ahmad Nawaz
Research Article
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is a major oilseed crop grown for its edible oil across the globe including Pakistan. In Pakistan, the production of edible oil is less than the required quantity; the situation is being worsened with the increasing population. Thus, there is dire need to grow those sunflower genotypes which perform better under a given set of agronomic practices. In this 2-year study, we compared four sunflower genotypes, viz., Armoni, Kundi, Sinji, and S-278 for their yield potential, oil contents, fatty acid composition, and profitability under three sowing methods, viz., bed sowing, line sowing, and ridge sowing and two tillage system, viz., plow till and minimum till. Among the sunflower genotypes, the genotype Armoni produced the highest plant height, number of leaves, head diameter, 1000-achene weight, and achene yield; the oil contents and oleic acid were the highest in genotype Sinji. Among the sowing methods, the highest number of leaves per plant, head diameter, number of achenes per head, achene yield, and oil contents were recorded in ridge sowing. Among the tillage systems, the highest head diameter 16. 2 cm, 1000-achene weight (57.2 g), achene yield (1.8 t ha−1), oil contents (35.2%), and oleic acid (15.2%) were recorded in minimum till sunflower. The highest net benefits and benefit to cost ratio were recorded in minimum till ridge sown Armoni genotype. In conclusion, the genotype Armoni should be grown on ridges to achieve the highest achene yield, oil contents, and net profitability.

Keywords

Achene yield Fatty acid composition Oil contents Sunflower Sowing methods Minimum tillage 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA) Peshawar, Pakistan especially Dr. Iftikhar Ali for providing the facilities of seed quality analysis for the completion of this research project.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Sher
    • 1
  • Muhammad Suleman
    • 1
  • Abdul Qayyum
    • 2
  • Abdul Sattar
    • 1
  • Allah Wasaya
    • 1
  • Muhammad Ijaz
    • 1
  • Ahmad Nawaz
    • 1
  1. 1.College of AgricultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityLayyahPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of HaripurHaripurPakistan

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