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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 10, pp 9904–9914 | Cite as

Rhizospheric effects on the microbial community of e-waste-contaminated soils using phospholipid fatty acid and isoprenoid glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether analyses

  • Mengke Song
  • Zhineng Cheng
  • Chunling Luo
  • Longfei Jiang
  • Dayi Zhang
  • Hua Yin
  • Gan Zhang
Research Article

Abstract

We performed the study of rhizospheric effects on soil microbial community structure, including bacteria, fungi, actinomycete, and archaea, at an electronic waste (e-waste) recycling site by analyzing the phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) and isoprenoid glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) contents. By comparing PLFA and isoprenoid GDGT profiles of rhizospheric and surrounding bulk soils of 11 crop species, we observed distinct microbial community structures. The total PLFA concentration was significantly higher in rhizospheric soils than in non-rhizospheric soils, whereas no obvious difference was found in the total isoprenoid GDGT concentrations. The microbial community structure was also different, with higher ratios of fungal-to-bacterial PLFAs (F/B) and lower relative abundance of Gram-positive bacteria in rhizospheric soils. The extent of rhizospheric effects varied among plant species, and Colocasia esculenta L. had the greatest positive effects on the total microbial biomass. Dissolved organic carbon and pH were the main environmental factors affecting the microbial community represented by PLFAs, while the archaeal community was influenced by copper and zinc in all soils. These results offer a comprehensive view of rhizospheric effects on microbes in heavy metal and persistent organic pollutant co-contaminated soil, and provide fundamental knowledge regarding microbial ecology in e-waste-contaminated soils.

Keywords

e-waste Phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) Isoprenoid glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (isoprenoid GDGT) Rhizospheric soil Microbial community 

Notes

Funding

This study was supported by the Scientific and Technological Planning Project of Guangzhou, China (No. 201707020034), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. U1501234 and 41673111), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015 M582430).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1323_MOESM1_ESM.docx (319 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 319 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mengke Song
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhineng Cheng
    • 1
  • Chunling Luo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Longfei Jiang
    • 1
  • Dayi Zhang
    • 3
  • Hua Yin
    • 4
  • Gan Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Natural Resources and EnvironmentSouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.School of EnvironmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.College of Environment and EnergySouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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