Using network to enhance the insights on correlation and pollution assessment of co-occurring metals in marine sediments, the East China Sea
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In this study, sediment samples were collected from 24 sites in the East China Sea (ECS) to investigate the distribution characteristics, co-occurrence correlations, and ecological risks of metals. In surface sediments, metals presented a homologous banding distribution pattern decreasing seaward with distance. With network analysis, it indicated metals in this area might directly derive from the coastal river inputs. According to geo-accumulation indexes (Igeo), Cd was classified as moderate pollution at 58% sites, far above other metals. In addition, the potential ecological risk index (RI) was clustered with the ecological risk (ER) of Cd, which was regarded as considerable or high-risk level for most coastal stations. Thus Cd pollution in the ESC sediment should be paid more attention. In sum, the visualization of statistical analyses combined with geochemical approaches could reveal the potential sources of contaminants and ecological risks, thus facilitate the pollution evaluation in marine sediments.
KeywordsNetwork Co-occurrence correlation Marine sediment Metals Geo-accumulation index Ecological risk
This work was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771513, 41001316), Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment in China (2017ZX07202006, 2014ZX07104-006) and Shanghai Pujiang Program (16PJ1404800).
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