Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 10, pp 9673–9682 | Cite as

Advanced treatment of petrochemical wastewater by combined ozonation and biological aerated filter

  • Pengyuan Ding
  • Libing Chu
  • Jianlong Wang
Research Article

Abstract

The secondary effluent from a petrochemical wastewater treatment plant was treated by biological aerated filter (BAF) before and after ozonation, namely BAF1 and BAF2, respectively. The results showed that BAF2 fed with the ozonized secondary effluent exhibited a high efficiency in degrading organic pollutants. The removal efficiency of COD and NH4-N was 6.0 ± 3.2 and 48.2~18.6% for BAF1 and 12.5 ± 5.8 and 62.1~40.9% for BAF2, respectively, during the whole operation. The integration system of ozonation and BAF could tolerate a higher organic loading rate. When HRT decreased from 4 to 1 h, COD removal efficiency decreased from 12 to 4% for the BAF1 system, but it kept almost unchanged at high levels of 27–32% for the ozonation-BAF2 system, with around 20% removal by ozonation. The biomass in BAF2 exhibited a higher activity of protease, DHA, and SOUR than that in BAF1. The organic pollutants in influent and effluent of BAF were mainly ester compounds, which were difficult to biodegrade by BAF. The predominant genera in BAF1 were Gemmatimonadaceae uncultured, Thauera, and Thiobacillus, while the dominant genera in BAF2 were Nitrospira, Gemmatimonadaceae uncultured, and Flexibacter, respectively. Overall, BAF2 performed better than BAF1 in organic pollutant removal and microbial activity. The ozonation process was vital for BAF to treat petrochemical secondary effluent.

Keywords

Biological aerated filter Petrochemical wastewater Microbial community Secondary effluent Ozonation 

Notes

Funding information

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51338005), the National S&T Major Project (2012ZX07201-005-06-01), and the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT-13026).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1272_MOESM1_ESM.docx (142 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 141 kb)

References

  1. Abraham W-R, Strömpl C, Vancanneyt M, Bennasar A, Swings J, Lünsdorf H, Smit J, Moore ER (2004) Woodsholea maritima gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium with a low diversity of polar lipids. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54(4):1227–1234.  https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.02943-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bai Y, Sun Q, Sun R, Wen D, Tang X (2011) Bioaugmentation and adsorption treatment of coking wastewater containing pyridine and quinoline using zeolite-biological aerated filters. Environ Sci Technol 45(5):1940–1948.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es103150v CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barker DJ, Stuckey DC (1999) A review of soluble microbial products (SMP) in wastewater treatment systems. Water Res 33(14):3063–3082.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00022-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bernardet J-F (2010) Family I. Flavobacteriaceae. In: Krieg NR, Staley JT, Brown DR, Hedlund BP, Paster BJ, Ward NL, Ludwig W, Whitman WB (eds) Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology. Springer, New York, pp 106–112Google Scholar
  5. Chen W, Westerhoff P, Leenheer JA, Booksh K (2003) Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix regional integration to quantify spectra for dissolved organic matter. Environ Sci Technol 37(24):5701–5710.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es034354c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. China SEPA (2002) Water and wastewater monitoring methods, 4th edn. Chinese Environmental Science Publishing House, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  7. Christianson L, DeVallance D, Faulkner J, Basden T (2017) Scientifically advanced woody media for improved water quality from livestock woodchip heavy-use areas. Front Environ Sci Eng 11(3).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-017-0909-7
  8. Ding PY, Chu LB, Wang JL (2016) Biological treatment of actual petrochemical wastewater using anaerobic/anoxic/oxic process and the microbial diversity analysis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 100:10193–10202Google Scholar
  9. Frolund B, Griebe T, Nielsen PH (1995) Enzymatic activity in the activated-sludge floc matrix. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 43:755–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Giannakis S, Gamarra Vives FA, Grandjean D, Magnet A, De Alencastro LF, Pulgarin C (2015) Effect of advanced oxidation processes on the micropollutants and the effluent organic matter contained in municipal wastewater previously treated by three different secondary methods. Water Res 84:295–306.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.07.030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Goel R, Mino T, Satoh H, Matsuo T (1998) Enzyme activities under anaerobic and aerobic conditions in activated sludge sequencing batch reactor. Water Res 32(7):2081–2088.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00425-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gomes J, Costa R, Quinta-Ferreira RM, Martins RC (2017) Application of ozonation for pharmaceuticals and personal care products removal from water. Sci Total Environ 586:265–283.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.01.216 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo J, Ma F, Chang C-C, Cui D, Wang L, Yang J, Wang L (2009) Start-up of a two-stage bioaugmented anoxic–oxic (A/O) biofilm process treating petrochemical wastewater under different DO concentrations. Bioresour Technol 100:3483–3488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jarusutthirak C, Amy G (2007) Understanding soluble microbial products (SMP) as a component of effluent organic matter (EfOM). Water Res 41(12):2787–2793.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.03.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kelly DP, Wood AP (2000) Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50(2):511–516.  https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-50-2-511 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Leyva A, Quintana A, Sánchez M, Rodríguez EN, Cremata J, Sánchez JC (2008) Rapid and sensitive anthrone–sulfuric acid assay in microplate format to quantify carbohydrate in biopharmaceutical products: method development and validation. Biologicals 36(2):134–141.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biologicals.2007.09.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li X, Shi H, Li K, Zhang L (2015) Combined process of biofiltration and ozone oxidation as an advanced treatment process for wastewater reuse. Front Environ Sci Eng 9(6):1076–1083.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-015-0770-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li R, Feng C, Hu W, Xi B, Chen N, Zhao B, Liu Y, Hao C, Pu J (2016) Woodchip-sulfur based heterotrophic and autotrophic denitrification (WSHAD) process for nitrate contaminated water remediation. Water Res 89:171–179.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.11.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li Y, Shi L, Qian Y, Tang J (2017) Diffusion of municipal wastewater treatment technologies in China: a collaboration network perspective. Front Environ Sci Eng 11(1).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-017-0903-0
  20. Liao JQ, Wang J, Huang Y (2015) Bacterial community features are shaped by geographic location, physicochemical properties, and oil contamination of soil in main oil fields of China. Microb Ecol 70:380–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lin SH, Wu CL (1996) Removal of nitrogenous compounds from aqueous solution by ozonation and ion exchange. Water Res 30(8):1851–1857.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(95)00329-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lin H, Wang F, Ding L, Hong H, Chen J, Lu X (2011) Enhanced performance of a submerged membrane bioreactor with powdered activated carbon addition for municipal secondary effluent treatment. J Hazard Mater 192(3):1509–1514.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.06.071 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ling ZQ, Wang XJ, Wang KY (2008) Advanced treatment of petrochemical wastewater by ozonizing-biological aerated filter processes. Appl Chem Ind 37:917–920Google Scholar
  24. Liu H, Fang HHP (2002) Extraction of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) of sludges. J Biotechnol 95(3):249–256.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1656(02)00025-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lu X, Yang B, Chen J, Sun R (2009) Treatment of wastewater containing azo dye reactive brilliant red X-3B using sequential ozonation and upflow biological aerated filter process. J Hazard Mater 161(1):241–245.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.077 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McIlroy SJ, Nielsen PH (2014) The family Saprospiraceae. In: Rosenberg E, DeLong EF, Lory S, Stackebrandt E, Thompson F (eds) The Prokaryotes. Springer, Berlin, pp 863–889Google Scholar
  27. Mendoza-Espinosa L, Stephenson T (1999) A review of biological aerated filters (BAFs) for wastewater treatment. Environ Eng Sci 16(3):201–216.  https://doi.org/10.1089/ees.1999.16.201 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nakagawa Y (2010) Genus VIII. Flexibacter. In: Krieg NR, Staley JT, Brown DR, Hedlund BP, Paster BJ, Ward NL, Ludwig W, Whitman WB (eds) Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology. Springer, New York, pp 392–397Google Scholar
  29. Odegaard H (2016) A road-map for energy-neutral wastewater treatment plants of the future based on compact technologies (including MBBR). Front Environ Sci Eng 10(4).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-016-0835-0
  30. Ren L, Jia Y, Ruth N, Qiao C, Wang J, Zhao B, Yan Y (2016) Biodegradation of phthalic acid esters by a newly isolated Mycobacterium sp. YC-RL4 and the bioprocess with environmental samples. Environm Sci Pollut Res 23:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rivas FJ, Sagasti J, Encinas A, Gimeno O (2011) Contaminants abatement by ozone in secondary effluents. Evaluation of second-order rate constants. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 86(8):1058–1066.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.2609 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rother E, Cornel P (2004) Optimising design, operation and energy consumption of biological aerated filters (BAF) for nitrogen removal of municipal wastewater. Water Sci Technol 50(6):131–139Google Scholar
  33. Shokrollahzadeh S, Azizmohseni F, Golmohammad F, Shokouhi H, Khademhaghighat F (2008) Biodegradation potential and bacterial diversity of a petrochemical wastewater treatment plant in Iran. Bioresour Technol 99:6127–6133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Song X, Liu R, Chen L, Kawagishi T (2017) Comparative experiment on treating digested piggery wastewater with a biofilm MBR and conventional MBR: simultaneous removal of nitrogen and antibiotics. Front Environ Sci Eng 11(2).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-017-0919-5
  35. Stalter D, Magdeburg A, Oehlmann J (2010) Comparative toxicity assessment of ozone and activated carbon treated sewage effluents using an in vivo test battery. Water Res 44:2610–2620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Su DL, Wang JL, Liu KW, Zhou D (2007) Kinetic performance of oil-field produced water treatment by biological aerated filter. Chin J Chem Eng 15(4):591–594.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1004-9541(07)60129-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tarjányi-Szikora S, Oláh J, Makó M, Palkó G, Barkács K, Záray G (2013) Comparison of different granular solids as biofilm carriers. Microchem J 107:101–107.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2012.05.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tripathi S, Tripathi BD (2011) Efficiency of combined process of ozone and bio-filtration in the treatment of secondary effluent. Bioresour Technol 102(13):6850–6856.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.04.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tripathi S, Pathak V, Tripathi DM, Tripathi BD (2011) Application of ozone based treatments of secondary effluents. Bioresour Technol 102(3):2481–2486.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.11.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Urtiaga AM, Pérez G, Ibáñez R, Ortiz I (2013) Removal of pharmaceuticals from a WWTP secondary effluent by ultrafiltration/reverse osmosis followed by electrochemical oxidation of the RO concentrate. Desalination 331:26–34.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2013.10.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wagner M, Horn M (2006) The Planctomycetes, Verrucomicrobia, Chlamydiae and sister phyla comprise a superphylum with biotechnological and medical relevance. Curr Opin Biotech 17(3):241–249.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2006.05.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wang JL, Bai ZY (2017) Fe-based catalysts for heterogeneous catalytic ozonation of emerging contaminants in water and wastewater. Chem Eng J 312:79–98.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.11.118 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wang JL, Chu LB (2016) Irradiation treatment of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) in water and wastewater: an overview. Radiat Phys Chem 125:56–64.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2016.03.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang JL, Wang SZ (2016) Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from wastewater: a review. J Environ Manag 182:620–640.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.07.049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wang JL, Wang SZ (2018) Activation of persulfate (PS) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and application for the degradation of emerging contaminants. Chem Eng J 334:1502–1517.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.11.059 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang JL, Xu LJ (2012) Advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment: formation of hydroxyl radical and application. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 42(3):251–325.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2010.507698 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wang ST, Ma J, Liu BC, Jiang YF, Zhang HY (2008) Degradation characteristics of secondary effluent of domestic wastewater by combined process of ozonation and biofiltration. J Hazard Mater 150(1):109–114.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.04.092 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ward NL, Challacombe JF, Janssen PH, Henrissat B, Coutinho PM, Wu M, Xie G, Haft DH, Sait M, Badger J (2009) Three genomes from the phylum Acidobacteria provide insight into the lifestyles of these microorganisms in soils. Appl Environ Microbiol 75(7):2046–2056.  https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02294-08 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wei Y, Yin X, Qi L, Wang H, Gong Y, Luo Y (2016) Effects of carrier-attached biofilm on oxygen transfer efficiency in a moving bed biofilm reactor. Front Environ Sci Eng 10(3):569–577.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-015-0822-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wu C, Gao Z, Zhou Y, Liu M, Song J, Yu Y (2015) Treatment of secondary effluent from a petrochemical wastewater treatment plant by ozonation-biological aerated filter. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 90(3):543–549.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4346 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Xu D, Liu S, Chen Q, Ni J (2017) Microbial community compositions in different functional zones of Carrousel oxidation ditch system for domestic wastewater treatment. AMB Express 7(40):40.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13568-017-0336-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yang Q, Xiong PP, Ding PY, Chu LB, Wang JL (2015) Treatment of petrochemical wastewater by microaerobic hydrolysis and anoxic/oxic processes and analysis of bacterial diversity. Bioresour Technol 196:169–175.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.07.087 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang S, Zheng J, Chen Z (2014) Combination of ozonation and biological aerated filter (BAF) for bio-treated coking wastewater. Sep Purif Technol 132:610–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zheng S, Cui C, Liang Q, Xia X, Yang F (2010) Ozonation performance of WWTP secondary effluent of antibiotic manufacturing wastewater. Chemosphere 81:1159–1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zou XL (2015) Combination of ozonation, activated carbon, and biological aerated filter for advanced treatment of dyeing wastewater for reuse. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22(11):8174–8181.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4423-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Environmental Technology, INETTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution ControlTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations