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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 8777–8792 | Cite as

Effect of vegetation type on treatment performance and bioelectric production of constructed wetland modules combined with microbial fuel cell (CW-MFC) treating synthetic wastewater

  • Çağdaş Saz
  • Cengiz Türe
  • Onur Can Türker
  • Anıl Yakar
Research Article

Abstract

An operation of microcosm-constructed wetland modules combined with microbial fuel cell device (CW-MFC) was assessed for wastewater treatment and bioelectric generation. One of the crucial aims of the present experiment is also to determine effect of vegetation on wastewater treatment process and bioelectric production in wetland matrix with microbial fuel cell. Accordingly, CW-MFC modules with vegetation had higher treatment efficiency compared to unplanted wetland module, and average COD, NH4+, and TP removal efficiency in vegetated wetland modules were ranged from 85 to 88%, 95 to 97%, and 95 to 97%, respectively. However, the highest NO3 removal (63%) was achieved by unplanted control module during the experiment period. The maximum average output voltage, power density, and Coulombic efficiency were obtained in wetland module vegetated with Typha angustifolia for 1.01 ± 0.14 V, 7.47 ± 13.7 mWatt/m2, and 8.28 ± 10.4%, respectively. The results suggest that the presence of Typha angustifolia vegetation in the CW-MFC matrix provides the benefits for treatment efficiency and bioelectric production; thus, it increases microbial activities which are responsible for biodegradation of organic compounds and catalyzed to electron flow from anode to cathode. Consequently, we suggest that engineers can use vegetated wetland matrix with Typha angustifolia in CW-MFC module in order to maximize treatment efficiency and bioelectric production.

Keywords

Constructed wetlands Microbial fuel cell Vegetation Wastewater treatment Bioelectric production 

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1208_MOESM1_ESM.docx (677 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 676 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Çağdaş Saz
    • 1
  • Cengiz Türe
    • 1
  • Onur Can Türker
    • 2
  • Anıl Yakar
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of BiologyAnadolu UniversityEskişehirTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of BiologyAksaray UniversityAksarayTurkey

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