Temporal variation in bacterial and methanogenic communities of three full-scale anaerobic digesters treating swine wastewater

Water Industry: Water-Energy-Health Nexus

Abstract

To investigate the effects of temporal variations of process parameters on microbial community structures in the two types of full-scale anaerobic digester treating swine wastewater, three full-scale anaerobic digesters were monitored. An anaerobic filter (AF)-type digester located in Gong-Ju (GJ) showed the highest COD removal among three digesters and maintained stable efficiency. A digester in Hong-Seong (HS) was of the same type as it GJ and showed improved efficiency over the sampling period. A continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR)-type digester in Soon-Cheon (SC) showed decreasing efficiency due to a high residual concentration of VFAs and NH4+. These process efficiencies were closely correlated to the Simpson indices of the methanogenic communities. Genera Bacillus, Methanosaeta, and Methanospirillum that have filamentous morphology were dominant in both AF-type digesters, but genera Acholeplasma, Methanosarcina, and Methanoculleus that have spherical or coccoid morphology were dominantly abundant in the CSTR-type digester. Correlation between populations suggests a possible syntrophic relationship between genera Desulfobulbus and Methanosaeta in digesters GJ and HS.

Keywords

Full-scale, swine wastewater Digester type Anaerobic digestion Microbial community Multivariate analysis 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11356_2017_1103_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (2.8 mb)
ESM 1 (PDF 2.77 mb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringPohang University of Science and TechnologyPohangRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Energy Engineering, Future Convergence Technology Research InstituteGyeongnam National University of Science and TechnologyJinjuSouth Korea
  3. 3.Center for Water Resource Cycle ResearchKorea Institute of Science and TechnologySeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Environmental EngineeringKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea

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