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Characterization of pig manure-derived hydrochars for their potential application as fertilizer

  • Chengfang Song
  • Shengdao Shan
  • Karin Müller
  • Shengchun Wu
  • Nabeel Khan Niazi
  • Song Xu
  • Ying Shen
  • Jörg Rinklebe
  • Dan Liu
  • Hailong Wang
Environmental functions of biochar
  • 185 Downloads

Abstract

In China, intensive pig farming has led to serious environmental issues with the need to dispose off large quantities of pig manure. Chinese agriculture relies on high inputs of chemical fertilizers leading to gradual decreasing organic matter contents in many arable soils. We propose that hydrochars produced from pig manure could potentially replace chemical fertilizers and, at the same time, resolve the waste disposal problem. The hydrochars used in this study were produced from pig manure at five different pyrolysis temperatures ranging between 160 and 240 °C and three residence times (1, 5, and 8 h). All hydrochars were assessed for composition of major elements. Results showed that the yield and organic matter (OM) contents in hydrochars were 50–74% and 40–56%, respectively. The concentrations of total nitrogen (N), potassium (K2O), and OM in the hydrochar decreased, whereas contents of phosphorus (P2O5), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) increased with increasing reaction temperature and time. Hydrothermal carbonization of pig manure is a rapid method for transforming pig manure into an organic fertilizer, but it is necessary to assess the potential soil contamination risk of Cu and Zn for the pig manure hydrochar as organic fertilizer.

Keywords

Pig manure Hydrothermal carbonization Hydrochar Biochar Organic fertilizer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Science and Technology Cooperation Project (2014DFE90040), Key Innovation Team Project of Zhejiang Province, China (2013TD12), the Natural Science Foundation of China (41501341; 21577131), the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation, China (Y16D010036, LZ15D010001), the Guangdong Provincial Natural Science Foundation, China (2017A030311019), and the Special Funding for the Introduced Innovative R&D Team of Dongguan (2014607101003).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chengfang Song
    • 1
  • Shengdao Shan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Karin Müller
    • 3
  • Shengchun Wu
    • 1
  • Nabeel Khan Niazi
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Song Xu
    • 7
  • Ying Shen
    • 1
  • Jörg Rinklebe
    • 8
  • Dan Liu
    • 1
  • Hailong Wang
    • 7
    • 9
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Soil Contamination Bioremediation of Zhejiang Province, School of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang A&F UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Recycling and Eco-treatment of Waste Biomass of Zhejiang ProvinceZhejiang University of Science and TechnologyHangzhouChina
  3. 3.The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Limited, Ruakura Research CentreHamiltonNew Zealand
  4. 4.Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  5. 5.MARUM and Department of GeosciencesUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  6. 6.Southern Cross GeoScienceSouthern Cross UniversityLismoreAustralia
  7. 7.School of Environment and Chemical EngineeringFoshan UniversityFoshanChina
  8. 8.Institute of Foundation Engineering, Water- and Waste-Management, School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Soil- and Groundwater-ManagementUniversity of WuppertalWuppertalGermany
  9. 9.Guangdong Dazhong Agriculture Science Co. LtdDongguanChina

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