Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 57, Issue 4, pp 537–546 | Cite as

Centrosymmetric 3D Deformation Measurement using Grid Method with a Single-Camera

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Abstract

This study proposes an effective method to measure centrosymmetric 3D static and dynamic deformations from the microscale to macroscale using grid method with a single camera. The camera was tilted at a particular angle and used to observe specimen grids in order to acquire coupling fields of both in-plane and out-of-plane displacement. This study also analyzes the decoupling methods of these two displacement types, and a systematic deduction of a theoretical equation for 3D deformation analysis was conducted based on the method. The sensitivity of morphology measurement was then evaluated and the elimination of noise and rotational errors was discussed. The efficiency and accuracy of this technique was verified through a microscale static feasibility test and a high-speed impact experiment that simulated an underwater explosion. The proposed approach uses minimal equipment, is simple and convenient, and can be used to measure centrosymmetric 3D deformation in multi-scale both statically and dynamically. In addition, this method avoids the non-synchronization problem of a pair of high-speed cameras in high-speed 3D measurements.

Keywords

Centrosymmetric deformation Grid method 3D deformation Micro morphology Underwater explosion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11232008, 11572041 and 11372037),the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12-0036) and the Opening fund of State Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Mechanics.

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Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Aerospace EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.AML, Department of Engineering MechanicsTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Mechanics, Institute of MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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