Optimal load for the muscle power profile of prone bench pull in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes
- 91 Downloads
No studies were observed optimal intensity loads for the muscle power performance during prone bench pull exercise in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes (BJJ) and this exercise is more similar with grip technics.
To identify the optimal intensity for the muscle power performance variables during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.
Fifteen athletes (25.5 ± 4.9 years; 65.6 ± 12.2 kg; 177.5 ± 4.7 cm) performed PBP at 30, 40, 50 and 60% of one repetition maximum (1RM) in a random order. The mean power (MP), mean velocity (MV), mean propulsive power (MPP) and mean propulsive velocity (MPV) were determined by measuring the barbell displacement by a linear encoder.
In all power performance variables, higher power output was observed at 40 and 50% 1RM when compared to 30 and 60% 1RM (MP: F = 29.07; p < 0.001; MV: F = 40.80; p < 0.001; MPP: F = 53.69; p = 0.003; MPV: F = 166.2; p > 0.001). Additionally, it was observed higher MPP at 50% 1RM when compared to 40% 1RM (F = 55.23; p < 0.001). The polynomial adjustment indicated that the optimal intensity load for producing highest power performance ranged from 45 to 50% 1RM (R 2 = 0.938–0.989) across all variables.
The loads between 45 and 50% 1RM produced the optimal muscle power performance during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.
KeywordsSubmission fight Grappling sports Combat sports Strength training
Prone bench pull
One repetition maximum
Mean propulsive power
Mean propulsive velocity
Coefficient of variation
Intraclass correlation coefficient
- ESCI diff
Effect size confidence differences interval
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This study was approved by the local ethics committee (CAAE: 72552817.2.0000.5511) and the athletes were informed of the purposes and inherent risks associated with this research.
The athletes provided their written informed consent.
- 2.Andreato LV, Julio UF, Goncalves Panissa VL, Del Conti Esteves JV, Hardt F, Franzoi de Moraes SM, Oliveira de Souza C, Franchini E (2015) Brazilian jiu-jitsu simulated competition part II: physical performance, time-motion, technical–tactical analyses, and perceptual responses. J Strength Cond Res 29(7):2015–2025. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000819 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 5.Correa da Silva BV, Marocolo Junior M, de Moura Simim MA, Rezende FN, Franchini E, da Mota GR (2013) Reliability in kimono grip strength tests and comparison between elite and non-elite Brazilian jiu-jitsu players. Arch Budo 8(2):103–107Google Scholar
- 13.Kawamori N, Haff GG (2004) The optimal training load for the development of muscular power. J Strength Cond Res 18(3):675–684. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4287(2004)18<675:TOTLFT>2.0.CO;2 PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 14.Izquierdo M, Hakkinen K, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ, Ibanez J, Gorostiaga EM (2002) Effects of long-term training specificity on maximal strength and power of the upper and lower extremities in athletes from different sports. Eur J Appl Physiol 87(3):264–271. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-002-0628-y CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 17.Loturco I, Nakamura FY, Tricoli V, Kobal R, Cal Abad CC, Kitamura K, Ugrinowitsch C, Gil S, Pereira LA, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ (2015) Determining the optimum power load in jump squat using the mean propulsive velocity. PLoS ONE 10(10):e0140102. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140102 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 19.Loturco I, Tricoli V, Roschel H, Nakamura FY, Cal Abad CC, Kobal R, Gil S, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ (2014) Transference of traditional versus complex strength and power training to sprint performance. J Hum Kinet 41:265–273. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0054jhk-41-265 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 25.International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) (2012) International standards for anthropometric assessment. ISAK, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
- 28.Brown LE, Weir JP (2001) Asep procedures recommendation 1: accurate assessment of muscular strength and power. J Exerc Physiol 4(3):1–21Google Scholar