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Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 143–149 | Cite as

Optimal load for the muscle power profile of prone bench pull in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes

  • Lucas Duarte Tavares
  • Felipe Zanchetta
  • Thiago Lasevicius
  • Aluisio Anorato
  • Eduardo Oliveira de Souza
  • Gilberto Candido Laurentino
  • Emerson Franchini
Original Article
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

Background

No studies were observed optimal intensity loads for the muscle power performance during prone bench pull exercise in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu athletes (BJJ) and this exercise is more similar with grip technics.

Purpose

To identify the optimal intensity for the muscle power performance variables during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.

Methods

Fifteen athletes (25.5 ± 4.9 years; 65.6 ± 12.2 kg; 177.5 ± 4.7 cm) performed PBP at 30, 40, 50 and 60% of one repetition maximum (1RM) in a random order. The mean power (MP), mean velocity (MV), mean propulsive power (MPP) and mean propulsive velocity (MPV) were determined by measuring the barbell displacement by a linear encoder.

Results

In all power performance variables, higher power output was observed at 40 and 50% 1RM when compared to 30 and 60% 1RM (MP: F = 29.07; p < 0.001; MV: F = 40.80; p < 0.001; MPP: F = 53.69; p = 0.003; MPV: F = 166.2; p > 0.001). Additionally, it was observed higher MPP at 50% 1RM when compared to 40% 1RM (F = 55.23; p < 0.001). The polynomial adjustment indicated that the optimal intensity load for producing highest power performance ranged from 45 to 50% 1RM (R 2 = 0.938–0.989) across all variables.

Conclusion

The loads between 45 and 50% 1RM produced the optimal muscle power performance during PBP exercise in BJJ athletes.

Keywords

Submission fight Grappling sports Combat sports Strength training 

Abbreviations

BJJ

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

PBP

Prone bench pull

1RM

One repetition maximum

MP

Mean power

MV

Mean velocity

MPP

Mean propulsive power

MPV

Mean propulsive velocity

CV

Coefficient of variation

ICC

Intraclass correlation coefficient

ES

Effect size

ESCI diff

Effect size confidence differences interval

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was approved by the local ethics committee (CAAE: 72552817.2.0000.5511) and the athletes were informed of the purposes and inherent risks associated with this research.

Informed consent

The athletes provided their written informed consent.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucas Duarte Tavares
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Felipe Zanchetta
    • 2
  • Thiago Lasevicius
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aluisio Anorato
    • 2
  • Eduardo Oliveira de Souza
    • 4
  • Gilberto Candido Laurentino
    • 1
  • Emerson Franchini
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Adaptations to Strength Training, School of Physical Education and SportsUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Research Group of Physical and Sports TrainingFaculdade DrummondSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and SportUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Health Sciences and Human PerformanceUniversity of TampaTampaUSA
  5. 5.Research Group of Conditioning and Sports Training, Department of Physical Education and SportsFaculdade DrummondSão PauloBrazil

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