Reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and long-lasting walking habit in sedentary male and female subjects following 1 year of guided walking
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To analyze the change in risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in sedentary subjects following 1 year of guided walking and check the maintenance of the walking habit 16 months after the end of the project.
A total of 650 sedentary subjects (442 women, 208 men) were admitted to the project. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and walking speed were determined at enrollment and redetermined after 1 year in the subjects completing the project. Daily groups of guided walking were organized.
In the 326 subjects completing the project, highly significant reduction in body weight, BMI, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and increase in walking speed were documented. Out of the 326 finishers, 266 answered a questionnaire on the minutes of walking they were doing each week, 16 months after the end of the project: 258 declared 170 ± 110 min while eight declared to be back to inactivity.
Guided walking was followed by highly significant reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and improved walking speed. Seventy-seven percent of the finishers were maintaining the walking practice 16 months after the end of the project, indicating that guided walking programs can be effective in permanently modifying the lifestyle of sedentary subjects.
KeywordsGuided walking Sedentary subjects Cardiovascular risk factors Cardiovascular efficiency Lifestyle modification Exercise physiology
Body mass index
Systolic blood pressure
Diastolic blood pressure
All authors contributed to the writing of this manuscript and approved the final submitted version. SM and FC involved in data acquisition, data analysis, and interpretation.
Compliance with ethical standards
The study was supported by the Italian Ministry of Education and Scientific Research and the Ministry of Sport.
Availability of data and materials
Data and materials can be requested from the corresponding author.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Consent for publication
Ethics approval and consent to participate
The Ethics Committee of the Ferrara University Hospital approved all study procedures and participants provided written informed consent to participate in the study.
Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study.
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